Categories: Disease A-Z

Abdominal Migraine


What is abdominal migraine?

As the name suggests, abdominal migraine is a migraine that occurs not in the head but in the stomach. Even so, abdominal migraines often occur due to the same triggers as migraine headaches. Stomach migraines can be very painful and cause nausea, cramps, and even vomiting.

Children whose family members have migraines are more at risk for stomach migraines.

Children who get abdominal migraines usually experience migraine headaches when they grow up. Abdominal migraines usually occur in infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents.

Abdominal migraines are also usually experienced by young people who later suffer migraine attacks. However, severe abdominal pain can also occur in migraine attacks in adults. Sometimes this is called a gastric migraine or a migraine in the stomach.

Abdominal migraines are often undiagnosed in adults. Therefore, when men and women experience symptoms, syndromes or other disorders will be considered first, such as intestinal syndrome, gastric acid reflux, or lactose intolerance.

How common are abdominal migraines?

Some studies assess that one to four percent of children suffer from abdominal migraines, while other studies say that about 10 percent of children experience recurrent abdominal pain sometime in childhood.

Children with stomach migraines usually have a family history of migraines. 65 percent of cases of abdominal migraine or cyclic vomiting have a family history of migraines.

However, this can be overcome by reducing your risk factors. Discuss with your doctor for more information.

Characteristics and symptoms

What are the characteristics and symptoms of abdominal migraine?

Early signs and symptoms of abdominal migraine are pain in the center of the child's body or around his navel (not on the side of the body), which is called midline abdominal pain by doctors. Some other signs and symptoms of this condition can include:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pale or reddened skin
  • Yawning, drowsiness or no energy
  • Loss of appetite or not being able to eat
  • Dark circles under the eyes

Abdominal migraines often occur suddenly and are quite severe, and without warning signs. The pain can disappear after an hour, or can last for up to 3 days.

When should you see a doctor?

Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent worsening conditions and other medical emergencies, so consult a doctor as soon as possible to prevent this serious condition.

If you have questions, consult your doctor. Everyone's body reacts differently. It's always better to discuss what's best for your situation with your doctor.


What causes abdominal migraine?

Until now, no known cause for abdominal migraine. One theory is that changes in the levels of two compounds produced by the body, namely histamine and serotonin, are the cause. Experts think that feeling sad or worried can be a trigger too.

Foods, such as chocolate, foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG), and processed meats with nitrites, can trigger stomach migraines.

Swallowing a lot of air can also be a trigger or cause similar stomach symptoms. This can cause bloating and difficulty eating.


Who is at risk of having an abdominal migraine?

S.Most children with abdominal migraines have a family history of migraines, and most continue to develop migraines as adults.


How is abdominal migraine diagnosed?

It seems difficult to diagnose this condition because children often have difficulty distinguishing between abdominal migraines with regular stomach pain, stomach flu, or other problems related to the stomach and intestines.

Because abdominal migraines tend to be experienced in families, doctors will ask about family members who experience migraine headaches.

Then, the doctor will eliminate other causes for stomach pain. The doctor will also see how well your child's symptoms match the specific list made by migraine experts.

If the doctor suspects that you have a stomach migraine, he may conduct a thorough examination to determine this condition.


The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor for more information.

How to treat abdominal migraine?

Because not much is known from abdominal migraines, doctors will treat it like a migraine in general. They usually do not prescribe medication unless the symptoms are very severe or very frequent.

Drugs such as rizatriptan (Maxalt) and sumatriptan (Imitrex), called triptans have not been approved for use in children, even though older children may be helped by using sumatriptan as a nasal spray.

What can be done to overcome stomach migraines?

With the help of parents and doctors, children with stomach migraines can find what triggers them. Keep a diary with the date and time of abdominal migraines, what foods were consumed before, what was done before stomach migraines occurred, did they take medication recently, and if anything is happening in their lives that might make them depressed or anxious.

If the food triggers an abdominal migraine, try to avoid these foods. However, this might not work for everyone.

Children with stomach migraines must undergo a nutritional diet that is rich in fiber. Other healthy habits, such as daily exercise and getting enough sleep, and teaching children how to control their emotions and overcome their problems, can also help.

If you have questions, consult your doctor to understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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