Categories: Disease A-Z

What is Ascaris Lumbricoides ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is that Ascaris lumbricoides?

Ascaris lumbricoides is a Latin name for roundworms that live in the human intestine. This worm is a cause of disease ascariasis aka intestinal worms in humans. Ascaris including parasites in the human body of a kind roundworms. These worms often live in unclean environments and live in warm climates.

Worm length Ascaris lumbricoides adults who breed in the human intestine can be more than 30 cm. That is why, this large roundworm can be seen with the naked eye.

If not treated immediately, intestinal worms can cause serious health problems, such as malnutrition and anemia.

How common are intestinal worms (ascariasis)?

Ascaris lumbricoides is the most common parasitic cause of intestinal worms. Anyone can experience intestinal worms due to being infected with this worm parasite. Even so, this disease is more common in children who live in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene.

You can avoid this disease by reducing the risk factors. Consult with your doctor about the preventative steps you can take.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of intestinal worms (ascariasis)?

The initial infection of the worm is usually no symptoms. Symptoms will appear as the worms grow. There are two symptoms that can occur, depending on which part of the body the worm infects. Organs that are usually attacked are the lungs and intestines.

Symptoms that will appear when a roundworm infection in the lungs, namely:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath feels shorter
  • There is blood in the mucus
  • Chest feels uncomfortable
  • Fever

Symptoms that will appear when Ascaris lumbricoides attacks the intestine, including:

  • Nausea
  • Gag
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach feels uncomfortable
  • Weight loss
  • Decreased appetite
  • Bowel obstruction so that the stomach can feel painful and severe vomiting occurs

When should I see a doctor?

If you have any of the signs or symptoms mentioned above or have questions, please consult your doctor. Everyone's body is different in responding to a condition. There may be other symptoms not mentioned above. Consult a doctor to deal with your health condition.

Cause

What causes intestinal worms?

The cause of intestinal worms is worms Ascaris lumbricoides, aka roundworm. Although this worm not transmitted from one person to another, this worm can be transmitted through contact with contaminated water, food, or hands (for example eating raw vegetables that grow in contaminated soil without washing first).

Worm Ascaris lumbricoides young (larvae) move to move from the intestine to other body parts, such as the lungs. This worm then returns to the intestine, as a place these worms grow up and produce eggs.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for worm infection Ascaris lumbricoides

Some risk factors that can cause a person affected by the disease ascariasis is:

  • Age. Most people are infected with worms Ascaris lumbricoides are children, especially children under the age of 10 years. Children in this age group can be at higher risk because they are having fun playing on the ground.
  • Climate warm. Worm Infection Ascaris lumbricoides more common in countries with warm temperatures throughout the year, such as Indonesia.
  • Poor sanitation. Wormy Ascaris lumbricoides breed in places that have poor sanitation.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are the treatment options for intestinal worms (ascariasis)?

Usually, only severe infections need to be treated. In some cases, diseases caused by worms Ascaris lumbricoides it will heal by itself. The following treatment options for intestinal worms are:

  • Drugs. Antiparasites are the first line of treatment against ascariasis. Antiparasitic drug choices are Albendazole (Albenza), Ivermectin (Stromectol), and Mebendazole. These drugs are consumed for one to three days to kill adult worms. However, this drug cannot be used in pregnant women.
  • Operation. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to get rid of worms. Bowel obstruction or perforation, bile duct obstruction, and appendicitis are complications of intestinal worms that may require surgery.

What are the usual tests for intestinal worms (ascariasis)?

Some of the usual tests to detect intestinal worms are:

  • Stool test. To diagnose a disease ascariasisThe doctor will examine your stool whether it contains microscopic eggs and larvae or not. Even so usually new eggs will appear at least 40 days after you are infected. If you are only infected with male worms, your body will not have worm eggs.
  • Blood test. Your blood can be tested to measure the increase in the number of certain types of white blood cells, called eosinophils. The reason is because ascariasis can increase your eosinophils. However, in addition to intestinal worms, several other health conditions can also increase your eosinophils. So, high eosinophils do not necessarily mean you must have worms.
  • Imaging test. Depending on the situation, the doctor can use an x-ray, ultrasound, CT scan or MRI.

Home Remedies

Lifestyle changes or home remedies to treat intestinal wormsascariasis)?

Some lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with worms caused by worms Ascaris lumbricoides is:

  • Avoid contaminated food and drinks. Cook food and drinks until cooked.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before eating and after using the toilet with soap.
  • Check if your pet has worms or not.
  • Check all family members if anyone has a certain infection or not.
  • Clean clean bathroom fixtures thoroughly after treatment.
  • Call a doctor if you have a fever and severe stomach pain.
  • Contact your doctor if you continue to have stomach pain, chest pain, or shortness of breath.
  • If necessary, try to consume worm medication regularly. However, first consult with your doctor before taking anthelmintic.

Remember to always consult a doctor to get the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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