Categories: Disease A-Z

What is Atrial Flutter ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is atrial flutter?

Atrial flutter is similar heart rhythm disorders atrial fibrillation. Atrial flutter occurs when your heart beats fast because of too many unusual electrical impulses. Atrial trembles when they try to touch, but contractions occur too fast. In this condition, the atrial can vibrate up to 300 times per minute, which normally only vibrates 60 to 100.

Although in some cases the disease does not cause symptoms, but atrial flutter can cause strokes, heart failure and other complications if not treated immediately.

How common is atrial flutter?

Atrial flutter is a disease that generally occurs in older adults. Usually, men are easier to experience atriall flutter than women.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of atrial flutter?

Some typical signs and symptoms of atrial flutter are:

  • Palpitations (feeling that the heart is beating or racing)
  • Dizzy
  • Lost balance
  • Feeling lethargic

Other symptoms may occur, namely angina or heart failure. Angina is a heart pain caused by a fairly low blood supply. Respiratory problems, chest pain, and fainting can occur together with heart failure.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.

Cause

What causes atrial flutter?

Various things that can increase risk factors for atriall flutter are:

  • Alcohol use (especially drinking too much in a short time)
  • Coronary heart disease
  • History of heart attack
  • Has had a heart bypass operation
  • Heart failure or enlarged heart
  • Heart valve disease (most often mitral valve)
  • Hypertension
  • Taking certain medications
  • Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
  • Pericarditis
  • Sinus syndrome

Risk factors

What increases my risk for atrial flutter?

Certain factors that increase your risk of developing atrial flutter are:

  • Age. The older you are, the greater your risk of having atrial flutter
  • Heart disease. Anyone with heart disease – such as heart valve problems, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, or a history of heart attack and heart surgery – has an increased risk of atrial flutter
  • Thigh blood pressure. Having high blood pressure, especially if not treated with lifestyle changes or drug use, can increase the risk of atriall flutter
  • Consuming alcohol. For some people, drinking alcohol can trigger atrial flutter. Drinking large amounts in a short time can increase your risk becomes higher
  • Family history. An increased risk of atrial flutter can occur in some families.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are my treatment options for atrial flutter?

The goal of treatment is to improve the cause of the heartbeat, slow the heart rate, prevent blood clots, and keep the heart rate normal.

Treatment depends on the symptoms and causes. The drug can help control the rate of ventricular contraction and try to restore the heart rate to normal (chemical cardioversion). If that doesn't work or the symptoms get worse, the heart is shocked with electrical assistance. This procedure is called electric cardioversion. A short electric shock will stop the heart's activity and make the heartbeat return to normal.

If all of these steps don't work, the health care provider can recommend an electrophysiology study (EPS). A cardiologist who specializes in heart rate problems can do this test. EPS can help healthcare providers decide about other treatment options such as radiofrequency ablation, pacemaker insertion, and surgery.

What are the usual tests for atrial flutter

Health care providers make diagnoses based on medical history, physical examination, and electrocardiography (ECG). The ECG can determine the electrical conduction system in the heart and can confirm the diagnosis.

In addition, echocardiography tests can also be done. This test can determine the movement of the atrium and detect whether there is blood clots in the atrium.

Health care providers can also conduct laboratory tests to find out other disorders such as overactive thyroid gland. In addition, the doctor may take an x-ray to observe the lungs and heart.

Treatment at home

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat atrial flutter?

Lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help you cope with atriall flutter are:

  • Quit smoking
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Eat foods that are healthy and low in fat
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Reduce your stress because it can worsen your symptoms
  • Always follow all your doctor's instructions after undergoing treatment

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Source

Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download Version.

Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print Page 371

Atrial Flutter – https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/atrial-fibrillation/atrial-flutter#1 accessed date February 28th, 2018

Atrial Flutter – https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atrial-flutter/symptoms-causes/syc-20352586 accessed date February 28th, 2018

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