Autism is a serious and complex disorder of the brain and nerve function that influences human behavior and thought processes.
Autism includes all disturbances in social interaction, language development, and communication skills both verbally and nonverbally. This developmental disorder generally begins in childhood and last a lifetime.
Children with autism (old designation for children with autism, -red) tend to be difficult to express thoughts and express themselves, both with words, gestures, facial expressions, and touch.
They also tend to difficulty in understanding what others think and feel. They are very sensitive so that it is more easily disturbed, even hurt by sounds, touches, smells, or scenes that seem normal to others.
In addition, children with this disorder also tend to do things that are repeated and have a narrow and obsessive interest.
Today, autism is more commonly known as autism spectrum disorder (GSA). The term GSA also covers other developmental disorders with similar characteristics, such as Heller syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder (PPD-NOS), and Asperger's syndrome.
By chance, boys are generally 5 times more likely to have autism than girls.
Based on the report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States (CDC), 1% of children in the world are classified as autistic (a long term for children with autism, -red). It means 1 in 100 children in the world is known to have this developmental disorder.
How about in Indonesia? Quoted from the CNN website, Melly Budhiman, an expert and chairman of the Indonesian Autism Foundation said that until now in Indonesia there has never been an official survey related to the total number of cases of children with autism spectrum disorder.
Even so, in 2013 the Director of Mental Health Development at the Ministry of Health had estimated the number of children with autism in Indonesia around 112 people with an age range of 5 to 19 years.
Experts believe that if the case continues to increase from year to year. This can be seen from the number of visits in public hospitals, mental hospitals in the children's growth and development clinic from year to year.
The symptoms of autism vary considerably from one child to another.
These neurological and developmental disorders cause various symptoms. Every child may have different symptoms, with mild to severe severity.
However, generally in patients showing some symptoms of autism as quoted from National Health Service, i.e.
Autism symptoms in boys and girls, sometimes a little different. Girls tend to be more calm and quiet, while boys tend to be more hyperactive. These "vague" girls' symptoms make diagnosis more difficult.
You should contact your doctor if you feel your child is slow to develop. Some symptoms can be seen in the first 2 years. Signs and symptoms that you consider to take your child to the doctor include:
If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.
Until now the exact cause of these neurological and developmental disorders is not known with certainty. However, researchers say that this disorder is closely related to genetic and environmental factors.
Researchers found a number of genes that may play a role in this disorder. In imaging tests it was found that people with autism have the development of several different brain areas.
This disruption in brain development that causes problems with the performance of brain cells with each other.
Some things that can increase a person's risk factors for experiencing autism are:
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.
There are no specific laboratory tests to diagnose autism in children. However, the doctor will conduct various test approaches that can help make the diagnosis. Various methods that are generally performed by doctors include:
During this process the doctor will observe the behavior and symptoms felt by the child by asking questions to parents. In line with this, the doctor will observe how children interact and communicate.
The doctor will test the ability of children and hear, talk, and listen to what others say. Furthermore, imaging tests will be done to rule out some condition or disease.
There is no specific treatment that can cure autism. Even so, certain treatments can reduce the severity of symptoms and make the quality of life of people with this disorder better.
This really needs to be done as quickly as possible, bearing in mind that this disorder affects various aspects of life, such as social, educational, and personal well-being.
Children who do not get proper care, will find it difficult to interact with others, receive lessons at school, and make friends. If left unchecked, this affects the child's achievement in school, his future, and his relationship with a loved one.
According to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control in the United States (CDC), treatment and care options that can be undertaken by people with autism include:
People with autism usually have low communication skills and often behave unlike people in general. To overcome this, doctors can recommend various types of therapy, such as:
There are no medicines that can cure autism. However, some drugs can be used to relieve certain symptoms. For example, medications for antidepressants to reduce anxiety, anti-seizure medications, or drugs to help increase concentration.
These medicines should not be used carelessly. Because the overdose and side effects can occur, especially if given to children. For this reason, always use drugs under the supervision of a doctor.
To relieve symptoms of autism, some additional treatments might be recommended. Before doing so, doctors and other health professionals will consider the benefits the patient will get. Some additional treatments that are usually performed include:
Some lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with children with autism are:
Autistic people are easily disturbed by activities outside their routine. This can trigger the appearance of symptoms, so that makes you rack your brain to overcome them.
So, always make a routine schedule of activities and as much as possible avoid various sudden activities. The benefits are not only that, this can help reduce repeated behavior in patients.
Treatments for people with autism are very diverse. To get the right type of treatment, consult your doctor first. The doctor will help choose treatments that are appropriate to the needs and severity of symptoms.
At mild symptom levels, patients may be recommended a single treatment. However, in some cases, patients need to undergo combination treatment. Always consult a doctor regularly to monitor the results of treatment.
Always make notes about various behaviors and symptoms that occur in patients during the treatment period to be reported to the doctor.
Improving children's ability to socialize and communicate, not only doctor or therapist's job. As a parent, you also become an important figure who can support child care, which is to make useful activities at home.
This activity can be done in many ways, such as reading books together to help him process language and words.
Introducing them to various sounds from nearby objects can reduce the level of sensitivity of the patient to normal sounds. In addition, this also helps you to avoid certain sounds that can trigger symptoms.
Making activities like this is not easy. So, plan this with the doctor or therapist who handles the child's condition. Not only supporting treatment, these activities can also strengthen bonds between patients and parents and those around them.
Patient needs not only receive treatment and nutritional fulfillment. Patients still need education and increase their insight. For this reason, look for special schools and trained teachers who can help patients to learn.
You can get school and teacher recommendations from doctors or therapists who treat patients. In addition, additional references can also be obtained from the internet.
Being a caregiver and nurse for people with autism is not an easy task. You need to increase your knowledge about these neurological disorders, starting from the condition itself, symptoms, treatment, and various ways of dealing with problems in treating patients.
This all you can get by consulting a doctor, reading a book, or jumping into a community for autistic people. From here, you can exchange ideas, share and expand your network with people who are facing the same difficulties.
If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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