Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is acute kidney failure? ? – A-Z Disease


What is acute kidney failure?

Acute kidney failure is a condition where the kidneys cannot remove metabolic waste from the body and balance water and electrolytes. Normally, the kidneys remove metabolic waste from the body by producing urine. In kidneys that experience acute kidney failure, metabolic waste will continue to accumulate because it cannot be secreted optimally by the body.

This disease can appear suddenly and develop quickly, in just a few hours. If not treated immediately, this disease can endanger the lives of sufferers.

How common is acute kidney failure?

About 1 percent of patients who enter the hospital experience this disease. It is also estimated that there are 2-5 percent of patients who experience acute kidney failure during their stay. Always consult a doctor for more information.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure?

Some of the most common symptoms of acute kidney failure are:

  • Reduced frequency of urination
  • Swelling in the legs or feet
  • Easily sleepy or feel very tired
  • Fever
  • Rashes and itching
  • Chest pain
  • Twitching muscles
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain on stage
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feel like you're going to fall
  • Chest pain and shortness of breath

Sometimes acute kidney failure does not cause any signs or symptoms. However, this disease can get worse quickly. There may be other symptoms that are not listed. If you have questions about signs of the disease, consult a doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

If you experience any of the above signs or symptoms or want to ask questions, consult your doctor. Each body acts differently from each other. Always discuss with your doctor to get the best solution regarding the situation you are experiencing.


What causes acute kidney failure?

This disease can occur because blood flow to the kidneys is slow, causing a buildup of toxins and waste in the body. Such cases can be caused by acute urinary tract infections, kidney damage, congenital heart failure, diabetes, or high blood pressure.

Some other causes are:

  • Congenital kidney disorders.
  • Taking certain medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other similar drugs.
  • Contrasting liquid used on X-rays or CT scans.
  • Blood clots that occur in veins and kidneys.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for acute kidney failure?

Several factors can increase a person's risk of developing acute kidney failure, including:

  • Elderly
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • Heart failure
  • Chronic kidney failure
  • Heart failure
  • Blockage of blood vessels in the arms and legs (peripheral arterial disease)
  • Must be hospitalized for some time, especially if you are hospitalized and intensive because of a serious health condition.
  • Autoimmune disease

Limiting risk factors will help reduce the risk of acute kidney failure. If you have one of the factors above, ask your doctor about instructions for preventing acute kidney failure.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are my treatment options for acute kidney failure?

Acute kidney failure requires proper treatment and close supervision by a doctor. Treatment depends on the cause. Most cases require hospital treatment, including:

  • Your doctor may tell you to use drugs that launch the urinary tract.
  • Your doctor may also wash your blood using dialysis (hemodialysis). Another form of dialysis is peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis fluid is introduced through the stomach to help clear impurities from the blood, then pass through a special tube (catheter).
  • Your doctor may ask you to limit consumption of foods rich in protein, salt, potassium, blood pressure medications, and calcium supplements.

In many cases, the kidneys may recover completely, but it can take 6 weeks or more.

What are the usual tests for acute kidney failure?

Generally, the doctor will diagnose this disease with a series of tests. Blood and urine tests will help doctors measure the level of work and kidney function. You may need to undergo a biopsy (take a sample of kidney tissue), as well as a chest, pelvis, kidney and ureteral X-ray (a channel that involves urine from the kidneys to the bladder).

Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat acute kidney failure?

The following lifestyle and home remedies might help overcome acute kidney failure:

  • Stay on a low protein diet. This is the right diet important to prevent complications. You should not eat fruit, chocolate, and nuts that contain potassium in your daily diet. If the kidneys don't work, high potassium levels can be dangerous for the heart.
  • Use drugs according to certain doses.
  • Weigh weight, record and monitor the amount of water you drink and urine every day.
  • Tell your doctor if you are infected with toxic chemicals or other drugs.
  • Limit the amount of fluid in the body to prevent fluid buildup in the lungs.
  • Tell your doctor about all the medicines you use, including over-the-counter medicines and herbal ingredients.
  • Call your doctor if you have chills, fever, vomiting, headache, muscle aches, and diarrhea.
  • Avoid factors that might affect kidney function, for example certain drugs.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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