Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is an ulcer? ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is heartburn?

Ulcer is a condition that is usually used to describe various complaints due to indigestion. In other words, the term heartburn is not actually in the medical dictionary, alias is not a special disease.

During this time the term ulcer is usually used to indicate a variety of complaints about digestive problems. Includes nausea, vomiting, flatulence, abdominal pain, and chest pain as if burning (heartburn).

Ulcer can be experienced by anyone, but the symptoms of indigestion experienced by everyone is not always the same. In addition, the frequency of heartburn experienced by each person can vary. Some experience it quite often, but some are very rare.

Although not a special disease, but the presence of ulcers and various other digestive disorders should not be considered mild. Because it does not rule out the possibility, this condition can be a sign as well as a risk of the emergence of more severe health problems.

How common is heartburn?

Because heartburn is only a collection of symptoms from indigestion, this condition is quite common in many people. Although it's quite common, don't worry. You can reduce the risk of developing this condition by reducing the risk factors that you have. Consult your doctor to find out more information.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the symptoms of heartburn?

Common symptoms that usually appear when a person has an ulcer are as follows:

  • Stomach ache.
  • Flatulence due to accumulation of gas.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Stomach feels hot.
  • There is discomfort in the upper abdomen.
  • Experience a burning sensation in the solar plexus that can flow up to the chest.
  • Burp easily.
  • It's easy to feel full even after eating a few bribes, or after eating food in normal portions.
  • Feeling very full after eating, which can usually last a long time.
  • Sour taste in the mouth.

Even sometimes, ulcers or digestive problems that indicate a certain disease can make you experience heartburn.

Heartburn is the onset of a burning sensation or sensation like burning in the middle of the chest, which can spread to the neck and back. Conditions that certainly make the body uncomfortable, usually begin to be felt while eating, or after eating.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a specific symptom, you should immediately consult with your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

Because heartburn can be a symptom of other underlying diseases, do not delay to check the condition to the doctor if you experience the following conditions:

  • Frequent and severe vomiting, or blood in your vomit
  • Weight loss without cause
  • Difficulty when swallowing food or drinks
  • Chest pain
  • Yellow eyes and skin
  • Hard to breath
  • The chest feels hot
  • The body feels weak

Not only that. Heartburn can sometimes worsen at any time, depending on the severity. Therefore, it is important to get immediate medical attention when signs of heartburn get worse, such as:

  • Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, heavy sweat pouring down, until chest pain that spreads to the jaw, neck, or arms.
  • Chest pain when you're on the move or when experiencing stress.

If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's health condition is different.

Always consult a doctor to get the best treatment related to your health condition.

Cause

What causes heartburn?

Heartburn is not considered a real disease, aka only limited to a collection of various symptoms of another disease. That is why, this condition of indigestion has many possible causes behind it.

First of all, try to examine the lifestyle that you have been doing. Because, maybe the emergence of digestive disorders is indeed caused by an unhealthy and irregular lifestyle. Here are various common causes of heartburn due to lifestyle:

  • Eating too much
  • Eat too fast
  • Too often eat spicy and salty foods
  • Drink too often alcoholic drinks
  • Drink lots of caffeinated drinks like coffee, tea, and chocolate
  • Like drinking carbonated or other carbonated drinks
  • Smoke
  • Anxiety and stress
  • Eating habits approaching bedtime

But besides that, heartburn that attacks the digestive system can also be caused by various diseases. Some diseases that can cause this condition are:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or gastric acid reflux. A condition when stomach acid flows up into your esophagus, so you risk irritating and even damaging your esophagus.
  • Gastric inflammation (gastritis), which is inflammation or swelling in the skin layer in the stomach.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is irritable bowel accompanied by irregular contractions in the large intestine.
  • Stomach infections, which are usually caused by bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
  • Gastric ulcer, which is a thin wound or hole that appears in the wall of your stomach.
  • Peruvian cancert.
  • Celiac disease, which is when the body considers compounds in gluten as a threat. Gluten is a type of protein that is usually present in grains such as wheat.
  • Gallstones.
  • Constipation or constipation.
  • Pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis).
  • Obesity, which risks increasing your chances of experiencing indigestion.

In addition, it turns out that certain types of medications can also cause stomach ulcers, such as:

  • Aspirin and the class of painkillers or NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
  • Drugs that have nitrates in them, usually to treat hypertension.
  • Estrogen and birth control pills.
  • Steroid medicine.
  • Some types of antibiotics.
  • Medication for thyroid disease

Risk factors

What increases the risk of heartburn?

Heartburn is a condition that is very common in society, and can be experienced by anyone. This condition can be experienced by anyone, no matter how old and what gender.

In fact, your daily habits can greatly affect digestive health. In addition to some of the diseases and potential causes mentioned above, several other things can increase the risk of heartburn, including:

  • Smoke
  • Drink alcohol
  • Eat too much too fast
  • Stress and fatigue
  • Other problems with the digestive system

Complications

What are the complications that may arise from heartburn?

Basically, this one indigestion does not always have the effect of severe complications. It's just that, pain and complaints arising from ulcers can affect daily activities, because it makes you feel uncomfortable and lazy to eat.

However, it is also possible if this condition can cause complications. Usually, this happens because heartburn is caused by another disease. Take for example, GERD, gastric inflammation, and so forth.

Some complications that may arise due to other diseases that cause ulcers are as follows:

1. Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture)

Narrowing of the esophagus is characterized by the appearance of sores or inflammation at the bottom of the esophagus, due to an increase in stomach acid. In addition to the esophagus, the sensitive lining of the stomach, aka the mucosa, is also irritated.

The irritation can affect the condition of the esophagus, by forming scar tissue. The presence of the scar tissue that ultimately makes the food entry point becomes narrower.

2. It's hard to swallow food

People who experience narrowing of the esophagus are usually accompanied by complaints of difficulty when swallowing food. As a result, food actually stuck in the throat, so that not infrequently cause chest pain.

3. Open wound in the esophagus

Open wounds that appear in the esophagus are caused by the rise of stomach acid which is already classified as severe. As a result, the esophagus can bleed, hurt, and make it difficult or uncomfortable when swallowing.

In fact, the severity of stomach acid that rises into the esophagus can cause changes in the tissue lining the esophagus. These changes can lead to an increased risk of esophageal cancer (esophagus).

4. Pyloric stenosis

Pyloric stenosis occurs when an increase in stomach acid results in long-term irritation of the digestive layer. The pylorus is a pathway between the stomach and small intestine.

Pyloric stenosis will make the pyloric part of the digestive system narrow. Finally, food cannot be digested properly.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are my treatment options for heartburn?

The treatment given by the doctor aims to reduce the symptoms of heartburn, while helping to improve your health condition. Thus, the administration of prescription drugs usually depends on the underlying digestive problem.

Here are various drug options to help restore heartburn:

1. Antacids

Antacids work by fighting the adverse effects of acid reflux. Examples of these drugs include Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, Rolaids, Riopan, and Mylanta.

Antacids are usually recommended as one of the earliest treatments for treating heartburn or digestive disorders.

2. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

Esomeprazole (Nexium), lansoprazole (Prevacid), omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid), pantoprazole (Protonix), rabeprazole (Aciphex), and dexlansoprazole (Dexilant) are types of PPI drugs.

These inhibitor pump inhibitors can be purchased or obtained by prescription, according to your complaint.

PPI medications can help reduce stomach acid levels, and are aimed at those of you who often experience heartburn due to GERD.

3. H-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs)

Drug H-2 receptor antagonists have a duty to reduce levels of stomach acid, and can last longer than antacids. However, when compared with antacids, the action of H2RAs drugs tends to be slower.

Examples of this group of drugs include Zantac, Tagamet, Pepcid, and Axid, which can be bought over the counter (OTC) or at higher doses by prescription.

4. Prokinetics

Prokinetics are a type of medicine that is useful for accelerating emptying of the stomach and helping to strengthen the muscles of the lower esophagus. This drug can usually be obtained on the advice of a doctor.

5. Antibiotics

Antibiotic drugs will only be given if stomach ulcers are triggered by diseases originating from H. pylori bacteria. Antibiotics will help fight the bacteria that cause digestive disorders.

What are the tests that can be done to diagnose heartburn?

Initially, the doctor will usually ask a few questions about your symptoms, diet, and medical history first. In order to ascertain what condition you are actually experiencing, the doctor can do a physical examination.

If necessary, it may take several tests to better determine your condition, as well as knowing other diseases that cause heartburn. The following examination options to ensure heartburn:

  • Imaging tests, such as x-rays or x-rays, abdominal ultrasound, or CT-scan. The aim is to check for possible blockages and other digestive problems.
  • Test to check for bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). This test can be done depending on your severity and other factors. However, this examination is more intended for people with gastric ulcer. Tests include stool antigen tests, breath tests, or blood tests.
  • Endoscopy. This test is done to check for problems with the upper gastrointestinal tract, especially in patients who do not respond to usual treatment. You do this by inserting a long thin tube with the camera into the stomach to find out in detail.
  • Liver function test. The liver produces bile (a digestive fluid that is used to break down fat). Problems with the liver can reduce bile production, causing digestive disorders.

Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat ulcers?

The following lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with digestive disorders:

  • Eat only the right amount of food.
  • Try to always eat on time.
  • Pay attention to the food menu that is eaten, don't be too spicy, salty, and fatty.
  • Try to eat slowly.
  • Try to stop or reduce smoking.
  • Maintain body weight to stay healthy.
  • Reduce the amount of coffee, soft drinks and alcohol intake.
  • Discuss with your doctor to replace medications that irritate the stomach lining, such as NSAIDs and aspirin.
  • Manage stress well in everyday life.

Prevention

What actions can be taken to prevent heartburn?

If you do not want to experience heartburn, you should obey the following rules of prevention:

  • Avoid eating late at night or not on time.
  • Eat in moderation and not too much.
  • Eat spicy and fatty foods in sufficient portions.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Pay attention to the amount of caffeinated drinks you consume, not too much.
  • Do not force immediately to exercise on a full stomach after eating.
  • Do not immediately lie down or sleep after eating, you should give a pause of about 2-3 hours.

If you have questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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