Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is Chicken Pox? ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is Chicken Pox?

Chickenpox is a skin disease caused by a varicella virus infection that causes resemblance to the entire body and face. Infection can also attack the mucous membranes (mucous membranes), such as in the mouth.

Chickenpox disease or chicken pox can be transmitted to people who have never been exposed to or have not received the chickenpox vaccine.

Viruses usually attack in childhood. However, do not rule out someone new to this disease in adulthood.

Chickenpox can develop into a disease called shingles as an adult or second appearance. Lenting herpes zoster or chicken pox are usually more painful and can cause severe complications.

How common is chickenpox?

Chickenpox is an infectious disease that is very common. This disease can occur at any age. But most of them attack children under the age of 15 years.

People with weakened immune systems are more at risk of developing this disease such as babies, pregnant women, and the elderly.

This disease usually appears once in a lifetime. Very few people have had chickenpox infection twice in their lives.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of chickenpox?

Symptoms of chickenpox usually appear 7 to 21 days after the body is exposed to the virus. At this time the body usually begins to fill with rashes. After that, the rash begins to turn into itchy, fluid-filled itch which will dry up to form a scab within 5-10 days.

Reporting from the Mayo Clinic, when attacked by chicken pox that appears can be very little but can also be more than 500 resilient.

Before the appearance of the rash and lenting, there are various other signs and symptoms that usually appear about 1 to 2 days before, namely:

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Fatigue and feeling unwell

Broadly speaking, you will go through three main phases after the rash appears, namely:

  • Pink or red bumps (papules) appear for several days
  • The appearance of small fluid-filled blisters that form about one day before breaking
  • Crusts and scabs appear to cover damaged blisters

Usually new lumps will continue to appear in all parts of the body for several days until they finally stop. In severe cases, the rash can cover the entire body and resilience can appear in the throat, eyes, mucous membranes of the urethra, anus, to the vagina.

You are at risk of transmitting the disease 2 days before the rash appears until 6 days after the resilience has formed. The virus will remain contagious until all the broken blisters have hardened.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

When chickenpox symptoms begin to appear, you should immediately consult yourself or your child to the doctor. Your doctor will prescribe medication to reduce the severity and ease the symptoms of chickenpox that you or your child is suffering from.

In addition, consult your doctor again if you or your child experience various symptoms such as:

  • A rash that spreads to one or both eyes
  • The rash becomes more sensitive to the touch and feels hot. This can be a sign of a bacterial infection
  • Dizziness, confusion, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, stiff neck, trembling to a fever of more than 39.4 ° C
  • Have a family history of a weak immune system

If you have other questions, consult your doctor to get complete information about your health problems.

Cause

What causes chickenpox?

The cause of chicken pox is the herpes varicella-zoster virus. This virus can move from an infected person to a healthy person two days before blisters appear. The virus will remain contagious until all the blisters are dry. Usually this virus can spread through:

  • Saliva
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Contact with fluids from blisters

Risk factors

What increases my risk for chicken pox?

Anyone who has never been exposed to or infected with a virus is at risk of chickenpox. However, the risk will increase at:

  • People who have recently been in contact with people with chickenpox
  • Children under 12 years old
  • People who smoke
  • Pregnant women who have never had chickenpox
  • People who have never had chickenpox vaccine
  • Adults living with children
  • Work in schools or day care centers where the virus is very vulnerable to widespread
  • Having a weak immune system due to certain diseases or drugs.

Exposure to the virus through a previous active infection or vaccination reduces the risk of contracting this one disease.

Diagnosis & Treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are the usual tests for chicken pox?

Spots due to chicken pox are different from other types of rashes so the diagnosis is easy to determine. The doctor will check your medical history and see the rash to make a diagnosis.

However, if there is any doubt, usually the doctor will check it by doing a blood test or culture sample of the lesion.

What are the treatment options for chicken pox?

Chicken pox in children usually does not need special medicine because it can heal by itself. However, doctors usually prescribe several types of medication to help relieve symptoms such as:

Pain medication

Acetaminophen or paracetamol is usually often prescribed to help relieve fever and mild pain. However, you should not give pain relievers containing aspirin to children.

Aspirin can cause a condition called Reye's syndrome. Reye's syndrome is a condition when the brain and liver function are damaged suddenly.

If the fever continues for more than four days with temperatures above 38.8 ° C, consult a doctor immediately.

Antihistamines

Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) are among the drugs prescribed to help relieve itching. Usually the drug can be in the form of topical cream or oral medication.

Antihistamines become one of the most important drugs because they help reduce the risk of scratching the skin. Scratching blisters can make the disease spread to other parts of the body and cause smallpox scars later.

Antiviral medicine

For people who are at high risk of complications, doctors will prescribe medication to shorten the infection. In addition, antiviral drugs are given of course to reduce the risk of complications.

Pregnant women, infants under six months, and people with weakened immune systems are at high risk of complications from chickenpox.

Doctors usually prescribe acyclovir (Zovirax, Sitavig). Other antiviral drugs, such as valacyclovir (Valtrex) and famciclovir, can actually reduce the severity of the disease. However, this drug is usually not always suitable for everyone.

Antiviral medication can reduce the severity of chickenpox within 24 hours after the first rash appears.

Vaccination

In certain cases, doctors usually ask you to do the vaccine after exposure to this virus. Because in addition to preventing disease, the chickenpox vaccine can also reduce the severity of symptoms.

However, not everyone can get chickenpox vaccination. The doctor will give it only if it's needed.

Home remedies

What are the home remedies and lifestyle changes that can be done to treat chickenpox?

Chickenpox is a disease that can heal itself. Therefore, the doctor's treatment only helps to shorten and relieve symptoms.

But besides that, you can also make various lifestyle changes and home nurses to help relieve symptoms. The following various actions that need to be taken to relieve the symptoms of the disease, namely:

Don't scratch blisters

Scratching the itchy area will only make the blisters worse. Scratching can slow healing, increase the risk of injury and infection, and cause scarring. For that, you need to refrain from consciously scratching blisters.

Unfortunately, while sleeping becomes a moment where you can unconsciously scratch the skin. Cutting nails and keeping it clean is the right way to prevent injuries from scratching the skin.

In addition, you can also use gloves and socks during sleep so that the skin does not hurt even if scratched.

Oatmeal bath

Extreme itching is one of the main problems when exposed to chicken pox. Bathing oatmeal in a tub of warm water could be one solution.

The type commonly used is colloidal oatmeal which is ground into a fine powder. A study published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology found that this ingredient contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties,

Colloidal oatmeal also helps moisturize the skin and functions as an emollient to treat dry skin. In addition, colloidal oatmeal also has high levels of starch to help calm and protect the skin.

Bath baking soda

In addition to oatmeal baths, you can also use baking soda for bathing mixes. Like oatmeal, baking soda also helps relieve itching.

Add baking soda about 5 to 7 tablespoons into the tub of warm water. Then, soak for about 15 to 20 minutes.

Apply calamine lotion

Calamine contains various substances that can calm the skin, one of them is zinc oxide. Use this lotion to help reduce irritating itching.

You only need to apply lotion using clean fingers or cotton wool on the itchy area. However, do not use lotion on the resilient around the eyes.

Compress the skin with chamomile tea

Chamomile tea can help soothe itchy areas of the skin. This herbal tea contains antiseptic and anti-inflammatory which is good for reducing the symptoms of chickenpox.

To use it, you only need to dissolve two to three chamomile tea bags in a small bowl of warm water.

Then, soak a cloth, towel or cotton in the tea solution. After that, stick a towel to the area of ​​the itchy skin. When finished, pat the skin dry.

Eat soft foods

If blisters appear around the mouth, don't eat hard foods. The reason is, you need more effort to chew it.

This can actually make blisters even more painful. Instead, eat soft foods so they are easily chewed and also digested intestine.

Drink lots of water

Drinking lots of water when you have chickenpox helps prevent dehydration. When properly hydrated, the body can perform a variety of tasks including to restore the condition.

Prevention

How to prevent chickenpox?

The best way to prevent the emergence of chickenpox is to do a vaccine. The vaccine provides comprehensive protection from the varicella zoster virus given. When the vaccine does not provide complete protection, the severity of chickenpox can still be reduced.

No need to worry, the chickenpox vaccine is safe for children and adults. Since this vaccine is available, there have been many studies that prove that this vaccine is safe and effective.

The side effects it causes are quite mild. Redness, aches, and sometimes small bumps at the injection site become effects that often arise.

Generally the chickenpox vaccine is recommended for:

Children

Children aged 12 months to 12 years are required to get 2 doses of vaccine. Vaccines are usually given when children are 12 to 15 months old and 4 to 6 years old.

This vaccine can also be combined with measles, mumps and rubella (MMR). But the effect, in some children this combination can increase the risk of fever and seizures.

Risky adults

Adults who are not vaccinated and have never had chickenpox have a high risk of developing this disease. Especially if you work in a daycare or health service.

Usually the doctor or health worker will give you two doses of the vaccine. Not all at once, the vaccine will be given separately for four to eight weeks.

If you forget to have a vaccine or have chickenpox, your doctor will do a blood test. Blood tests help determine your immunity.

Who can't vaccinate?

Vaccines should not be given to:

  • Pregnant women
  • People with a weakened immune system due to disease or medicine
  • People who are allergic to gelatin or neomycin antibiotics

In essence, consult your doctor before doing the vaccine. Then, ask your doctor about whether you really need it.

If you plan to get pregnant in the near future, ask your doctor about whether or not you can inject the vaccine.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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