Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is Ebola? ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is Ebola?

Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus. 5 of them strain the Ebola virus, 4 of which is known to attack humans.

Ebola virus attacks the immune system and other organs, especially blood clotting cells. In the end, this infection causes serious and uncontrolled bleeding.

Ebola is very contagious and life threatening. About 90% of patients infected with this disease cannot survive. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect that you have this disease.

How common is Ebola?

Ebola is a disease that is rarely encountered but classified as very serious. This disease is most common in Africa. Even so, it can also be found in other countries.

If you plan to travel to an area at risk of Ebola, make sure you take the steps necessary to protect yourself. This disease can affect men and women at any age.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of Ebola?

Signs and symptoms of Ebola usually appear suddenly in 5-10 days since the body is infected with the virus. Early signs and symptoms of Ebola include:

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Shivering
  • Weak

Over time, symptoms can develop more severe which includes:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea (may bleed)
  • Red eye
  • Rashes that arise
  • Chest pain and cough
  • Severe weight loss
  • Internal bleeding
  • Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruises (patients with severe levels can bleed from other holes, such as the ears, nose and anus).

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a specific symptom, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

If you have symptoms of this disease, you should contact the hospital first. This method can help the medical team to simplify your handling, while protecting others so as not to contract this disease.

Call a doctor immediately if:

  • You have flu-like symptoms and you might have been exposed to a virus.
  • You have been in contact with someone who is infected with the virus. You need to pay attention to symptoms and avoid exposing the virus to people around you.

Cause

What causes Ebola?

The Ebola virus can be found in monkeys, chimpanzees and other primates. Strain Lighter Ebola has been found in monkeys and pigs in the Philippines.

Transmission from animals to humans

Experts suspect that the Ebola virus travels to humans through the bodily fluids of infected animals, such as:

  • Blood. Cutting or eating infected animals can spread the virus. Scientists who have operated on infected animals for research have also been exposed to this virus.
  • Product disposal. Tourists in several caves in Africa as well as some underground mining workers have been infected with this virus. Possibly due to contact with infected bat manure or urine.

Person-to-person transmission

Infected people usually do not transmit the disease until later they experience symptoms. Family members are often infected because they usually care for sick relatives or prepare bodies for burial.

Medical personnel can also become infected if they do not use protective equipment, such as masks and gloves when handling patients. Some Ebola transmission can also occur due to reuse of needles and syringes that are not sterile because they have been contaminated.

There is no evidence that the Ebola virus can be spread by insect bites.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for ebola?

The risk of transmission of this disease can increase if you:

  • Traveling to Africa or other countries at risk. You are at high risk if you visit or work in an area where the Ebola or Marburg virus is spread.
  • Do research on animals. Humans are more susceptible to the Ebola or Marburg virus when conducting animal studies such as monkeys from Africa or the Philippines.
  • Providing medical or personal care. Family members often become infected by caring for sick relatives. Medical personnel can also become infected if they do not use protective equipment, such as masks and gloves.
  • Preparing bodies for burial. The body of an Ebola or Marburg hemorrhagic fever patient still transmits the virus. Helping to prepare the body for burial increases the risk of this disease.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

How to diagnose ebola?

This disease is quite difficult to diagnose because the early signs and symptoms mimic other diseases, such as typhoid and malaria. If your doctor suspects you have an Ebola virus, a blood test will be done to identify the virus, including:

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

What are the usual tests for Ebola?

So far, a cure for this disease has not been found. However, researchers are still trying to find the right treatment. Treatment includes trial serum that destroys infected cells.

Doctors can help overcome diseases caused by the Ebola virus by:

  • Fluid and electrolytes
  • Oxygen
  • Blood pressure medication
  • Blood transfusion
  • Management of other infections.

Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to overcome ebola?

The only way to treat ebola is to immediately seek medical help once you come into contact with a virus or when symptoms begin to appear.

Seek immediate medical attention in the following situations:

  • If you travel to a place that is known to have the Ebola virus like African countries.
  • If you have contact with Ebola sufferers.
  • If you have symptoms that resemble Ebola disease.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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