Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is hemorrhoids? ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are conditions in which veins around the anus become inflamed or swollen. The condition is also often referred to as hemorrhoids or more commonly referred to as hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids can appear in the rectum (the channel that connects the large intestine with the anus) or around the anus (rectum). Hemorrhoids are usually caused by frequent and long-term straining during bowel movements. This disease is still divided into two types, namely:

  • Internal hemorrhoids. These hemorrhoids appear in your rectal ducts. Usually internal hemorrhoids not painful but cause bowel movements.
  • External hemorrhoids. These hemorrhoids are located outside the anus and may feel itchy or painful, sometimes they can tear and bleed.

Hemorrhoids are a condition that is not dangerous and is not contagious. Usually hemorrhoids can heal on their own or can be cured easily using hemorrhoid medicine.

How common are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are a very common condition. Based on research at the age of 50 years, nearly half the population has experienced hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are conditions that can attack anyone.

Hemorrhoids can occur in men and women, but more often in pregnant women and patients with constipation (difficult bowel movements) or chronic diarrhea.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are conditions that have the following symptoms, namely:

  • Chapter bleeds bright red and painless
  • Itching and irritation in the rectum area
  • Pain and discomfort
  • Swelling around the anus
  • Sensitive or painful lumps near the anus

Hemorrhoidal conditions that more often cause discomfort and pain, i.e. external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids usually does not cause pain.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a specific symptom, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

You should contact a doctor if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Your hemorrhoids are very painful and don't improve with home remedies
  • BAB is black and tar-like
  • BAB bleed
  • You feel dizzy or client

Hemorrhoid or hemorrhoids is a fairly serious health condition. It is important to see a doctor.

If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.

Cause

What causes hemorrhoids (hemorrhoids)?

The cause of hemorrhoids is swollen veins. Swelling can occur due to increased pressure in the lower rectum. Factors that increase the pressure are:

  • Straining when defecating
  • Sit too long
  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • Overweight or obese
  • Pregnant
  • Lack of fiber intake

Risk factors

Risk factors for hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are caused by swollen veins due to increased pressure in the lower rectum. Factors that could be causes of hemorrhoids include:

  1. Chronic constipation. Stool that hardens due to constipation makes you have to spend more energy to push. The extra pressure can eventually lead to swelling of blood vessels in the anus, causing hemorrhoids.
  2. Pregnancy. As the gestational age gets bigger, the uterus will develop along with the development of the fetus. This uterine pressure will then press against the blood vessels in the large intestine to trigger the appearance of a lump in the anal area.
  3. Sit too long. The habit of sitting for too long can be a cause of hemorrhoids, because the blood vessels around the anus will be filled with blood. The constant flow of blood will eventually press the walls of the blood vessels until they get bigger.
  4. Lift heavy objects. Repeatedly lifting heavy objects can be a cause of hemorrhoids due to a buildup of pressure in the rectum that will affect blood flow and make blood vessels become swollen.
  5. Age. The body's aging condition naturally causes the network of blood vessels around the rectum and anus to weaken and stretch, making it prone to swell. This is the end cause of hemorrhoids.

Who is at risk of getting hemorrhoids?

There are many risk factors for hemorrhoids, namely:

  • Having a job that requires you to sit or stand for a long time.
  • Have chronic diarrhea or constipation.
  • You are obese.
  • Pregnant mother.
  • Frequent anal sex, ie anal penetration.
  • Eat foods high in fat and low in fiber.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are my treatment options for hemorrhoids?

Some hemorrhoids can heal on their own. However, some hemorrhoids can cause symptoms that require therapy. Treatment options for hemorrhoids are:

1. Using fiber-enhancing foods

Fiber enhancers such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel) can help your faeces and treat constipation.

2. Hemorrhoids medicine

Hemorrhoid medication in the form of creams and supository drugs can help relieve symptoms such as pain and itching due to hemorrhoids.

3. Hemorrhoids removal surgery

Hemorrhoids removal surgery is also called hemorrhoidectomy. Hemorrhoidectomy is the most effective way of treating severe ambient and recurring. Hemorrhoidectomy will remove excess tissue which causes bleeding. This hemorrhoid surgery can be performed with local anesthesia combined with sedation, spinal anesthesia, or general anesthesia.

Most people will experience pain after this hemorrhoid surgery. You can take painkillers to overcome them. Recovery time is usually around 2 weeks, but it may take around 3-6 weeks for you to get back to normal activities.

4. Medical procedures other than hemorrhoidectomy surgery

  • External hemorrhoid thrombectomy

If a painful blood clot (thrombosis) forms inside an external hemorrhoid, your doctor will make a simple incision and drainage, to remove the blood clot. This procedure is most effectively carried out within 72 hours after the development of blood clots.

The doctor will tie one or two small rubber bands in the area around the internal hemorrhoid to cut off blood flow. Without blood flow, hemorrhoids will be released after a week you run this procedure.

How to treat hemorrhoid this one is effective for many people and does not require anesthesia. The patient can return to normal activities the next day.

Discomfort, pain, and bleeding may appear 2-4 days after performing this procedure. However, this rarely causes severe hemorrhoid complications.

In this procedure to treat hemorrhoids, a special chemical solution will be injected into the hemorrhoid tissue to reduce it. This injection will relieve pain by making the nerve endings become numb at the injection site. After about one and a half months, the size of the hemorrhoid will shrink or shrink.

  • Coagulation with infrared, laser or bipolar

This coagulation technique using laser or infrared can be done to burn hemorrhoid tissue. This procedure serves to cut off blood flow.

However, this procedure can also make hemorrhoids reappear (relapse), valid when compared to the rubber band ligation procedure. In addition, this procedure can cause slight discomfort.

Are there natural hemorrhoids remedies?

There are several natural ingredients that you can try as a support for hemorrhoids medicine. Unfortunately, it has not yet been proven how effective these ingredients are in treating hemorrhoids.

1. Apple vinegar

Apple vinegar is a natural hemorrhoid remedy that you can use. It's easy, just soak the cotton on Apple cider vinegar, then apply slowly to the area of ​​hemorrhoids. Repeat this process until the inflammation disappears and the pain subsides. You can also mix water with apple vinegar when you rinse the anus when you shower.

2. Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a plant that contains anti-inflammatory properties. With a cool gel taste, aloe vera can also be a natural hemorrhoids remedy that soothes and relaxes inflamed blood vessels while reducing the size of hemorrhoids in the anus.

Arakuinon content in Aloe vera able to tighten the walls of the digestive tract and push the contents of the intestine out softer. This makes it more easy to move stool in the intestine, preventing blockages that will cause hemorrhoids.

3. Garlic

Garlic or allium sativum it also can be a natural hemorrhoids remedy. Garlic very rich in sulfur content, which contains amino acids, minerals, and enzymes such as allinase, peroxidase, and myrosinase. This plant also has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

In an amino acid called alliin, when garlic is destroyed, alliin is converted to allicin by the enzyme, allinase. Allicin is responsible as a powerful antibacterial agent to eliminate unpleasant odors. The function of garlic for hemorrhoids can also improve blood circulation, destroy various intestinal bacteria, and protect blood vessels.

To treat hemorrhoids, garlic can be applied directly to the affected area, or it can also be eaten raw as a natural hemorrhoids remedy.

4. White oak bark

You may not know the name of white oak, but if you search for herbal stores, white oak is easy to find. This natural hemorrhoids remedy comes from white oak bark and is known by name quercus alba. This plant has a powerful substance that is useful for treating internal and external hemorrhoids.

White oak bark has antiseptic, tonic, and hemostatic properties that can reduce hemorrhoid symptoms at severe levels until the hemorrhoid is bleeding. The high calcium and tannin content of oak bark can strengthen the intestinal capillaries and protect the soft tissue from the rectum that is in the anal canal. In addition, white oak bark extract has a cleansing effect on the surface of the swollen and painful mucosa, so that it can relieve itching and irritation caused by hemorrhoid.

White oak bark is usually boiled or steamed to produce a liquid that can be applied to the anal area where there is hemorrhoid or made herbal tea as a natural hemorrhoids medicine.

5. Rock roots

Rock roots are also known by name collinsonia canadensis. This concoction of rock root plant drinks can be useful to reduce hemorrhoid and reduce too much pressure on the blood vessels in the anus. This effect reduces inflammation of hemorrhoids and can even prevent varicose veins.

This plant is also known for its diuretic, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, astringent, tonic, and sedative properties. These substances are useful for protecting and strengthening the intestinal lining and blood vessels in the anal wall.

How to use stone roots as a natural hemorrhoids remedy is to use a stone root water extract that has been boiled can be applied directly to the hemorrhoid anus.

What are the usual tests for hemorrhoids?

To properly diagnose hemorrhoids, your doctor will do the following checks:

  • Check medical history and physical examination.
  • Check the area in your anal canal. Usually this examination uses a medical device to see the inside of your anus (anoscope, protoscope, or sigmoidoscope).

Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat hemorrhoids?

Here are lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with hemorrhoids:

  • Eat foods high in fiber and drink lots of water.
  • Sitting in a bathtub filled with warm water for 10 minutes several times a day.
  • Lots of sports.
  • Keep the anal area clean.
  • Do not use dry toilet cleaning paper. To maintain the cleanliness of the anal area after bowel movements, use a small damp towel or wet toilet cleaning paper that does not contain perfume or alcohol.
  • Use ice. Compress your anal cold by using an ice bag to relieve swelling.

Eat to prevent hemorrhoid at home

1. Soluble fiber

This fiber is sticky and soft, like a gel so that it can absorb water. This makes the stool softer, well formed, and easily passes through the anus when it is removed. You who consume a lot of this type of fiber will avoid constipation.

You who have hemorrhoid must be very difficult when defecating (constipation). Therefore, foods that contain lots of fiber like this can reduce the constipation that is felt and reduce the irritation that occurs when defecating.

2. Insoluble fiber

This type of fiber has properties that are not soluble in water so it is not broken down directly in the intestine and absorbs directly into the bloodstream that flows into the digestive system. This helps maintain the digestive system because it balances the chemicals in the intestine.

Foods high in fiber usually have both types of fiber together. Too much consumption high fiber foods too fast is also not good for health. The reason is, your stomach will feel full and it is easier to pass gas. Therefore, you are also encouraged to consume lots of fluids to balance the fiber.

Based on the Nutrition Adequacy Rate, under normal conditions the body needs around 37 to 38 grams of fiber per day for those aged 18-50 years. If you have hemorrhoid, consult your doctor to get the dose of fiber you need per day according to your condition.

There are many foods that contain high fiber, mthe contents are almonds, peas, black beans, green beans and lentils.

Foods from whole grains are also rich in insoluble fiber. You easily find food from whole grains on oatmeal (oatmeal), corn, bread, or biscuits made from wheat flour.

3. Vegetables and fruit

This food is highly recommended for health, especially if you are sick. Some vegetables that are rich in flavonoids and rich in fiber usually have dark green leaves. For example broccoli, spinach, cabbage, and kale.

As for vegetables you can eat grapes, apples, strawberries, bananas, dates, tomatoes, or cherries. That food contain a lot of water you can also consume. For example cucumbers, celery, watermelons, and others.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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