Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is menstruation (menstruation)? ? – A-Z Disease


What is menstruation (menstruation)?

Menstruation, often also called menstruation or menstruation, is a normal monthly cycle in which women experience vaginal bleeding. Menstrual blood comes from the lining of the uterus. Every month your body prepares for pregnancy by producing eggs from the ovaries, a process called ovulation. If pregnancy does not occur, you experience menstruation.

How common is menstruation (menstruation)?

Menstruation occurs when you are not pregnant. During menstruation every month, eggs are produced by the ovaries. This is called ovulation. Your body begins to produce hormones to prepare for pregnancy. If the resulting egg is not fertilized, the egg will dissolve with blood lining the uterine lining. The length of the month varies, but generally lasts 3 to 5 days.

Menstrual cycles are counted from the first day of menstruation until the next menstruation. This is not the same for every woman. A normal menstrual cycle usually ranges from 21 to 35 days. Long menstrual cycles in adolescence but usually will shorten and become more regular with age. Sometimes, the menstrual cycle can be regular and irregular. If you experience sudden changes in the menstrual cycle and do not improve, consult your doctor immediately.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of menstruation (menstruation)?

Common symptoms of normal menstruation can vary from woman to woman. Menstruation usually starts from ages 11-14 and continues until age 51 years. During the menstrual cycle, you can experience the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding that lasts 3 to 5 days
  • Stomach cramps
  • Chest pain
  • Bloated
  • Food cravings
  • Mood swings and irritable
  • Headache
  • Fatigue.

Menstrual symptoms can vary from woman to woman. You can also experience a combination of symptoms, emotional and physical, which begin before your menstrual cycle. This condition is known as premenstrual syndrome or premenstrual syndrome (PMS). If the symptoms are very severe, your doctor can help you seek treatment to deal with discomfort.

When should I see a doctor?

You should contact your doctor if there are major changes in your menstrual cycle. If your menstrual cycle is usually every 21 days but in the last 3 months the cycle becomes every 40 days, this can be a sign of a condition. You should also tell your doctor if you experience symptoms that worsen or cause discomfort. Your doctor can help overcome it.


What causes menstruation (menstruation)?

The cause of menstruation is a mature egg cell that is not fertilized. However, there are several health conditions that may occur related to menstruation.

Menstrual problems

There are several problems that can affect your menstrual cycle, such as:

1 Bleeding heavy menstruation

This is common in some women, about 1 in 5 women. Heavy bleeding occurs when there is so much blood that you need to replace pads or tampons every hour, not 3 to 4 times a day. Heavy bleeding usually interferes with daily activities and causes weakness due to blood loss.

Heavy bleeding can be caused by hormonal imbalances, polyps, or fibroids in the uterus or certain health conditions. Health conditions can include:

  • Problems with thyroid
  • Blood clotting disorders such as Von Willebrand’s disease
  • A bleeding disorder characterized by a lack of platelets in the blood called idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Liver or kidney disease
  • Leukemia (blood cell cancer).

Other causes can occur from miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy (a fertilized egg that grows outside the uterus), and possible infection.

  1. Amenorrhea (no menstruation)

You may not experience menstrual periods at all. This is only normal before puberty, after menopause, and during pregnancy. If these reasons are not causing amenorrhea, you need to discuss with your doctor about the causes and treatment.

Primary or secondary amenorrhea is present. Primary amenorrhea occurs if there are no conditions that cause amenorrhea. Your doctor can diagnose you with amenorrhea if you have reached 16 years of age and have not experienced menstruation. The doctor will do several tests to find the cause.

Secondary amenorrhea occurs if you experience regular menstruation but suddenly stop for more than 3 months. This can be caused by stress, extreme weight loss, or abnormal estrogen levels.

  1. Dysmenorrhea (painful haidi)

Abdominal cramps or painful menstruation are common symptoms that every woman has ever experienced. However, if cramps become so severe that you cannot move normally, chances are you have dysmenorrhea.

Menstrual cramps are caused by a hormone called prostaglandin which is produced by the lining of the uterus to trigger uterine contractions. You can also feel dizzy, weak, pale and sweaty. Prostaglandins can also increase contractions in the intestine, causing diarrhea. You should consult a doctor for proper treatment.

  1. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

PMS or premenstrual syndrome occurs when you experience a collection of symptoms, physical and emotional, which are quite severe and interfere with daily activities. Physical symptoms can include headaches, constipation, bloating, swelling in the chest, weakness and awkwardness. Emotional symptoms can include feelings of anger, depression, anxiety and unable to concentrate.

PMS is different from menstruation. PMS usually occurs before your menstrual cycle begins, and can worsen. PMS can subside after menstruation begins or finishes. PMS can occur at least 3 consecutive cycles. Research shows a genetic link. If you have relatives or mothers who suffer from PMS, you might experience it too.

  1. Premenstrual dysphonic disorder (PMDD)

Premenstrual dysphonic disorder or PMDD is a more severe form of PMS. About 3 to 8% of women experience PMDD. Common symptoms include migraine headaches, severe anxiety, depression, and serious mood swings. Women who have a history of postpartum depression or mood disorders have a higher risk of having PMDD.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are my treatment options for menstruation (menstruation)?

Treatments for menstrual problems include relieving symptoms and addressing the causes. The most common symptom is menstrual pain, which can start several days before the menstrual period. Some treatment options for menstrual cramps can include:

  • Nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These drugs can include ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®) or meloxicam. These medicines may be hard on the stomach. It is recommended to drink it accompanied by food to avoid stomach irritation.
  • Other painkillers. These drugs can include paracetamol, also known as acetaminophen, (Tylenol®, Panadol®) can ease pain.

Treatment for irregular periods can include:

  • Drinking contraception
  • Progestin tablets
  • Surgical removal of polyps or fibroids in the uterus
  • Overcoming the cause.

These treatment options can regulate your menstrual cycle.

Medicines & Medications

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat menstruation (menstruation)?

Here are tips for dealing with your menstrual symptoms:

  • Put it heating pad (warm water compress) or warm towel on the lower abdomen. You can also take a shower with warm water. Heat can increase blood flow and reduce cramps.
  • Lie down with your legs raised.
  • Exercise regularly to increase blood flow.
  • If you have pain in the vagina or cramps, use pads instead of tampons.
  • If you treat menstrual disorders, make sure you follow the doctor's instructions carefully.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Source link

Published by
Benefits Of

Recent Posts

Various Benefits of Fava Nuts for Body Health Hello Healthy

Fava beans or also known by name board beans is a type of bean that is included in legumes. Fava…

1 day ago

Benefits of Counseling Not Only for the Soul

The Indonesian government has just launched a psychological consulting service for the health and soul, or Sejiwa. This service is…

5 days ago

Benefits of Brazil Nuts, Find Out!

Brazil nuts, or often also called Brazil nuts, are energy-dense nuts that are rich in nutrients with a myriad of…

1 week ago

Benefits of Digital Detox for Health

Can not be separated from the gadget or intermittently want to check social media unwittingly makes you forget time? Doing…

1 week ago

Benefits of Eucalyptus to Expel Bad Breath when Fasting • Hello Healthy

One of the things to do when fasting is to hold thirst. Decreased fluid intake during fasting makes the mouth…

2 weeks ago

5 Benefits of Dates Milk that You Love Miss

Almost all people in Indonesia must know dates, a fruit that is considered effective for bodily health because it contains…

2 weeks ago