Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is OA (osteoarthritis, calcification of joints)? ? – A-Z Disease


What is osteoarthritis?

OA or Osteoarthritis is a disease that makes the joint feel painful and stiff. Another term that is often used for osteoarthritis is liming the joints. This condition generally occurs when the cartilage which is supposed to protect the ends of your bones, gets damaged over time.

The explanation is like this. The joint is where the bones come together, which at the end of the bone is normally covered by a protective tissue called cartilage. But in people with osteoarthritis, the protective layer or cartilage is damaged.

As a result, the bones that meet in these joints rub against each other. This is what then causes pain, pain, and fainting in one or several joints in the body.

Actually osteoarthritis is a disease that can attack any part of the body. However, this disease often occurs in the joints of the hands, knees, hips, thighs, and spine. Osteoarthritis is quite difficult, or even not curable.

However, the symptoms of calcification of these joints can still be managed effectively to alleviate the condition. Usually, you are advised to stay active in activities and maintain an ideal body weight. Various other treatments can also be applied to help slow the progression of the disease, while improving joint function.

How common is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a disease that often occurs at the age of 60 years and over. However, calcification of these joints can also occur at a young age, which is around 20 or 30 years.

Young adults who are overweight are usually more susceptible to osteoarthritis. This disease can occur in men and women, but more often occurs in women who are older than 55 years.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis?

The development of osteoarthritis tends to be very slow. You may feel the initial symptoms of pain or aches when moving a joint in one part of the body, especially if it has not been moved for a long time. Over time, liming these joints can make the joints in the body become more rigid.

Most people with osteoarthritis generally complain of joint stiffness in the morning, which will heal itself within 30 minutes. Or usually, joint strength will subside immediately after the joint begins to "heat up" because it moves a lot.

This condition can develop more severely if you do strenuous exercise, but it can get better by getting more rest. However, if your osteoarthritis worsens, the painful and stiff target joints may become difficult to bend.

As a result, you will experience crepitations or sounds when the joints are moved. Different places of calcification of joints, sometimes also different symptoms, for example. When osteoarthritis attacks the area of ​​the hand, it is not impossible that the bones in your fingers will swell and swell.

This certainly will cause pain and pain when moved. In addition, various other symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • The joint aches during or after it is moved.
  • The joint feels softer when given pressure.
  • The joints feel stiff in the morning when I wake up, and when I'm not actively engaged in activities.
  • Inflammation in the joints.
  • The joint loses its flexibility, which makes it more rigid and difficult to move.
  • The appearance of bone spurs around the target joint, which is a hard and sharp protrusion of the bone.

If osteoarthritis progresses, the pain caused can change to become stronger and more intense. Gradually, this condition is likely to cause swelling in the joint or surrounding area. Recognizing the symptoms of osteoarthritis as early as possible can help manage your condition so that it gets better.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a specific symptom, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

It's best to call your doctor right away if your joints feel painful and stiff, and don't even get better in a few weeks. If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.


What causes osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a disease caused by damage to the joints, especially cartilage as a bone coating. Normally, bones have a protective layer or "cushion" at the edges. The goal is to protect the bone if it later meets with other bones in the joint.

In other words, the joint is a meeting place between bones. Osteoarthritis can occur when the cartilage as the outermost coating at the end of the bone is damaged, so it cannot function optimally. In fact, cartilage is hard and slippery tissue that allows joints to move easily and without friction.

This can later have a bad impact on the joints when bones and one another meet and rub together. Because of the inadequate protective pads, the meeting between bones can cause the joint to become swollen and painful.

In general, as we get older the joints will automatically become stiffer. In addition, cartilage can also be more prone to losing its natural lubricant. All of these things can cause osteoarthritis in old age.

But in addition, having been injured in the past can also be another cause of osteoarthritis, such as:

  • Torn cartilage
  • Joint dislocation
  • Injury to the ligaments (the link between bones in the body)

If you are obese and have poor posture, such as frequent bending, can also cause osteoarthritis. In the end, it causes swelling in the joints which makes it painful.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a disease that does not have only one risk factor. There are many risk factors for osteoarthritis, namely:

1. Age

The more you age the more your risk of osteoarthritis increases.

2. Gender

It's not yet known exactly what causes it. However, most cases of osteoarthritis are usually experienced by women. That is why, women are said to be at higher risk for osteoarthritis than men.

3. Obesity

Large body weight opens up wider opportunities for you to develop joint inflammation. This is believed to be because an increase in body weight will add pressure to the joints that are tasked to withstand the weight of the body.

For example, your hips and knees. In addition, fat tissue also produces proteins that cause inflammation or inflammation in the joints and in the surrounding area.

4. Trauma or injury

Having experienced trauma or injury when exercising or in an accident, can increase the risk of calcification of the joints. Even though the injury has healed once, there is still an opportunity to cause calcification of the joints.

5. Doing work

There are certain jobs that put excessive pressure on the joints. Finally, the joints can gradually become inflamed, causing osteoarthritis.

6. Genetic

Osteoarthritis is a disease of joint damage that can be triggered by a family or hereditary history. Yes, some people can get arthritis not because they have been injured or done heavy work. However, because there is one member of his family who has this calcification of joint disease.

7. Having bone deformity

A person who has congenital abnormalities or congenital abnormalities related to joints and bones, is at greater risk for calcification of the joints. Specifically, if the birth defects attack cartilage.

8. Having other diseases

Another risk factor that increases the chances of osteoarthritis is the presence of certain diseases. If you have diabetes or rheumatism, such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis, you may also experience calcification of the joints.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

What are my treatment options for osteoarthritis?

So far, there is no treatment that is really able to cure osteoarthritis completely. However, you can manage the symptoms that arise by making lifestyle changes and treatment advice from a doctor.

Some treatment options for osteoarthritis are as follows:

1. Consumption of medicines

Symptoms of pain, pain, and stiffness due to osteoarthritis, can be helped by administering certain medications, such as:


Acetaminophen, like Tylenol and Paracetamol, has been proven effective for treating symptoms in people with osteoarthritis. The use of this drug is believed to relieve pain in a mild to moderate level.

However, you are advised to be more careful and pay attention to the dose of this drug. The reason is, too much taking the drug acetaminophen can lead to damage to liver function.


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or abbreviated NSAID, is a drug that is often used to relieve pain and problems in musculoskeletal. Over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as ibuproven (Advil and Motrin IB) and naproxen sodium (Aleve), can relieve osteoarthritis pain.

These types of NSAIDs usually have moderate doses. As for NSAIDs with higher doses, it is available based on a doctor's prescription. This drug can also help relieve inflammation while eliminating pain.


Drug duloxetine (Cymbalta) is usually used as a medicine to treat depression and anxiety. In addition, duloxetine is also taken to help relieve chronic pain, including osteoarthritis.

2. Conduct therapy

Not only with drugs. You can speed up the recovery of symptoms by regularly doing therapy, including:

Physical therapy

Physical therapy is a treatment procedure that will help you to train the muscles around the painful joint. This therapy can also increase range of motion, while reducing pain. In doing this therapy, you will be assisted by a therapist so as to facilitate the exercise program that you will live later.

Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy is a type of treatment that is usually intended specifically to treat people with physical and mental limitations. However, this treatment method is equally good to apply if you have knee osteoarthritis.

An occupational therapist who will be in charge of helping you find the most appropriate way to do your daily activities. Especially because of your limitations due to attacks of pain and pain due to inflammation of the joints.

3. Operating procedures

If some previous treatments are not enough to help, your doctor may recommend procedures such as:

Corticosteroid injections

Giving corticosteroid medication can help reduce pain in your joints. During the procedure, the doctor will first numb the area around your joints. Then the doctor will inject the drug into the target joint.

Lubricant injections

Giving injections of lubricants, for example hyaluronic acid, allegedly can reduce pain in the joints. The reason is because hyaluronic acid contains components that are similar to joint lubricating fluids. As a result, hyaluronic acid can act as a cushion for joints.

Joint replacement surgery

Joint replacement surgery (arthroplasty) aims to remove the damaged joint surface, and replace it with a special material. The material can be made of plastic or special metal. However, the surface of the artificial joint can lose its function so it needs to be replaced with a new one.

What are the usual tests for osteoarthritis?

Examinations that doctors usually do to diagnose osteoarthritis are physical tests, imaging tests, and laboratory tests. Some commonly used physical tests are useful for measuring a number of things, namely:

  • Movement of joints that make sounds like cracks
  • Swelling of the joints (the bones around the joints feel larger than normal)
  • Limited joint movement
  • Pain when the joint is pressed
  • Pain when moving as usual

While the imaging test includes checking:

1. X-rays

X-rays or X-rays can detect missing cartilage, by showing the narrowing of space between the bones in the joint. In addition, X-rays can also show the appearance of bone spurs around the joints.

2. MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI works using radio waves and strong magnetic technology. This examination can display detailed images of bone and soft tissue, including cartilage. MRI is not usually used to diagnose osteoarthritis directly. However, it can at least help provide more information if there are other more complex conditions.

For laboratory tests, can be done by:

3. Blood test

Actually there is no blood test that is specific enough to detect osteoarthritis. However, certain tests can help rule out other causes of joint pain, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

4. Joint fluid analysis

The doctor can use an injection to remove fluid from the problematic joint. Next, the liquid will be tested and examined further to determine the possibility of inflammation inside. If you often complain of pain in the joints, this method also works to find out the cause of the pain.

Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat osteoarthritis?

Lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help you deal with osteoarthritis are as follows:

  • Take your doctor regularly.
  • Physiotherapy to maintain muscle strength and flexibility.
  • Actively doing something to reduce discomfort and strain on your joints. If you want to exercise, do a mild type of exercise like walking casually, rather than strenuous like running or jogging.
  • Maintain ideal body weight.
  • Use a medicinal cream to relieve pain.
  • Use assistive devices, such as supports or sticks to reduce your knee load when moving.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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