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What is What is palpitations (tachycardia)? ? – A-Z Disease


What is palpitations (tachycardia)?

Palpitations are conditions that arise when the heart feels beating and beats faster than usual. This disease is also known as tachycardia. In this condition, you will feel a faster and stronger heartbeat, so it feels as if you are beating.

I was so strong and fast, heartbeat is not only felt in the chest. Other areas such as the neck and throat also feel when the heart is beating. Not only that, this change in heart rate can also change the heart rhythm or rhythm to be abnormal during palpitations.

Various things such as stress, exercise, consumption of drugs, caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, or certain medical conditions can trigger palpitations. Most cases of palpitations because palpitations are actually harmless, and can heal by themselves without special treatment.

But sometimes, palpitations due to palpitations can also lead to more serious medical conditions. Not infrequently, some people complain of having a palpitating heart several times at a time, which feels like having a heart attack. Though actually not necessarily.

If it develops into a more serious condition, palpitations can be a symptom of a disruption in the heart organ. Whether it's an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), or even overactive glands thyroid (hyperthyroidism). Cardiac arrhythmias can come in many different forms.

May cause the heart to beat very fast (tachycardia), or a heartbeat that tends to be slow and weak (bradycardia). That is why heart palpitations are often also referred to as tachycardia, because they both make the heart rhythm beat faster and stronger.

Therefore, do not underestimate if you experience heart palpitations due to this palpitations. Especially when the palpitations are accompanied by shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, even fainting. Your doctor will check your medical history and do tests to check your physical health.

If you are proven to have palpitations in a serious condition, the doctor will perform certain treatments according to health conditions to reduce symptoms.

How common is palpitations?

Heart palpitations or tachycardia can occur to anyone, regardless of gender and age. Both men and women, even at any age can experience palpitations.

Especially if you have one or more risk factors for heart palpitations or tachycardia. For example when under stress, experiencing anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder), are pregnant, or are regularly taking certain medications.

People with heart problems are also at risk of palpitations. However, don't worry. You can avoid the possibility of developing this disease by reducing the risk factors that you have. Consult your doctor to find out more information.

Signs & Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of palpitations?

Symptoms that are felt when experiencing palpitations, namely:

  • The heartbeat is very fast and strong
  • The rhythm of the palpitations is not normal
  • Heartbeat not only feels on the chest, but also the throat and neck.

In more severe conditions, this irregular heartbeat can develop to cause serious symptoms. This can happen because when the heart beats too fast, this organ automatically carries out its work effectively.

Blood that should be pumped from the heart throughout the body is difficult to flow perfectly. As a result, various organs and tissues in the body can be deprived of oxygen, thus inhibiting its normal work.

This condition makes irregular heartbeats, eventually causing other symptoms that are more serious, such as tachycardia. It is best to get medical attention immediately if you experience signs and symptoms of irregular heart palpitations due to tachycardia, which include:

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Headache
  • The body feels weak
  • Confusion in carrying out an activity
  • Excessive dryness
  • The heartbeat is very fast and irregular, so it feels uncomfortable
  • The onset of pain, tightness, and severe pressure in the chest
  • The emergence of pain in the arms, neck, chest, jaw and upper back
  • The resting pulse is more than 100 times per minute

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a particular symptom, consult your doctor immediately.

Although often cause certain signs and symptoms, but some people who have tachycardia do not feel any symptoms. The condition will only be discovered after undergoing a physical examination and checking for heart function (electrocardiogram).

When should I see a doctor?

There are many things that can lead to an uncertain heartbeat. Rarely occurring irregular heartbeats will usually only last for a few seconds, and do not require special treatment. However, if you have a history of heart disease and heart palpitations that often occur, consult a doctor immediately.

The doctor will usually recommend to do a heart examination to see the overall condition of the heart. The aim is to assess whether this irregular heartbeat is caused by a more serious problem.

Don't delay to see a doctor if your heartbeat is erratic accompanied by various other conditions. For example, chest pain, difficulty breathing, dizziness, even fainting.

If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's health condition is different. Always consult a doctor to get the best treatment related to your health condition.


What causes palpitations?

There are many causes that can make you experience irregular heartbeats (palpitations). Although it attacks the heart organ, but not all causes are directly related to this organ. Here are some of the causes of heart palpitations:

1. Condition of the heart organ

Heart problems can cause palpitations or tachycardia, such as:

  • Arrhythmia
  • Heart attack
  • Heart valve problems
  • Heart failure
  • Heart defects at birth
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (enlargement and thickening of the heart muscle walls), as well as other types of cardiomyopathy

2. Emotional conditions

Make no mistake, the emotional state inside can also cause irregular heart palpitations, such as:

  • Feeling restless
  • Feel depressed
  • Panic
  • Feeling nervous
  • Feeling anxious
  • Experiencing stress
  • Fear of something

3. Hormonal changes

Besides the two previous factors, hormonal changes in the body also contribute as a cause of palpitations. Hormonal changes include:

  • Menstrual period
  • Pregnancy
  • Before or during menopause

Sometimes, the condition of the heart beating erratically that occurs during pregnancy can be a sign of anemia (lack of blood).

4. Consumption of drugs

Pay attention to what medications you are taking regularly. Because some certain drugs can cause an uncertain heartbeat, namely:

  • Antiarrhythmic drug
  • Antihistamine drug
  • Thyroid hormone drug
  • Antibiotics
  • Asthma inhalers
  • Antidepressant medication
  • Antifungal therapy
  • Some types of cough and cold medicines
  • Decongestants
  • Some herbal and nutritional supplements
  • Diet pill

5. Certain body conditions

Body conditions can underlie irregular heart palpitations, including:

  • Overactive thyroid gland
  • Anemia
  • Low blood sugar levels
  • Low potassium levels
  • Dehydration
  • Body fever
  • Blood loss
  • Experience shock
  • Low levels of oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood
  • Electrolyte abnormalities

6. Lifestyle

Lifestyle habits no less play a role as a cause of heart palpitations, such as:

  • Too much caffeine consumption (generally found in tea, coffee and energy drinks)
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Smoke
  • Doing strenuous exercise
  • Using illegal drugs (such as cannabis, cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, and amphetamines)
  • Eat too much spicy food

In addition, some people also claim to experience heart palpitations after eating heavy foods that contain lots of carbohydrates, sugar, or fat. In fact, eating too much food containing monosodium glutamate (MSG), nitrates, or sodium can also cause palpitations.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for palpitations?

There are many risk factors that allow you to experience palpitations, namely:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Excessive caffeine consumption
  • Experiencing stress
  • Anemia
  • Congenital heart disease (PJB)
  • Inflammation of the heart
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Heredity
  • Age, older people usually have a higher risk for experiencing tachycardia
  • Experiencing anxiety or panic disorders that often occur
  • Is pregnant
  • Take certain medicines, especially those containing stimulants such as colds and asthma
  • Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
  • Have had heart surgery before

Actually, a heart rate that increases during exercise or in response to body conditions is normal. However, with this change in heart tachycardia, the rhythm will be faster even when the body is at rest.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

How is palpitations diagnosed?

Your doctor will do a thorough physical examination to identify the cause of your palpitations. You will be asked a number of questions regarding:

  • Physical activity
  • Stress level
  • Use of prescription drugs and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs
  • Use of supplements
  • Perceived health condition

Not to forget, the doctor will also directly check the condition of the heart by listening to its beat through a stethoscope. In addition, doctors usually find out if you have other medical conditions that can cause a heart to circulate.

To be more certain, your doctor can also do a number of other tests that will further assist the diagnosis, such as:

1. Electrocardiography (ECG) test

Electrocardiography is a test performed by recording electrical activity signals in the heart organ. This process is carried out for a certain amount of time, in order to check and ascertain what the heart's function is at present.

ECG is done by attaching electrodes on the skin to the chest, which has an electric cable and is connected to an ECG machine. Your heartbeat will appear through an ECG machine in graphical form. These results can then be assessed directly how well they function, and whether your heart rate is normal or not.

2. Holter monitor test

A Holter monitor is a test that aims to check heart function, but without having to be in the examination room. The tool in charge of recording the heartbeat rhythm activity will be installed on your body, precisely in your pocket or belt.

The device has been connected to electrode cables that attach directly to the chest to observe the workings of the heart organ.

3. Echocardiographic tests (cardiac ultrasound)

Echocardiography is an examination to observe the condition of the heart, including its structure and function. How it works by issuing electronic sound waves, so as to produce an image to show the condition of the heart.

In addition, tests for palpitations can also include:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • X-ray or x-ray

How to treat palpitations?

Treatment for palpitations is not always the same, but depends on the cause. In some cases, palpitations are harmless and do not require special treatment. However, if the condition is caused by other causes, your doctor may recommend some treatments.

The goal is to relieve symptoms and prevent the condition from getting worse. If your health condition is fairly severe, your doctor can perform several treatments such as:

1. Provision of medicines

Certain medications can help slow down a rapid heartbeat. Because it is not impossible, tachycardia can increase the risk of blood clots. Your doctor may prescribe blood thinners to prevent strokes or heart attacks.

2. Physical therapy

The doctor can use a shock device to return the heart rate to the proper rhythm.

3. Use a pacemaker

Another way could be by placing a pacemaker or defibrillator under the skin. This is a type of tool that is useful for monitoring and treating irregular heartbeats. This tool can also help normalize the heartbeat back to normal.

4 Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

This tool is implanted in your chest. The aim is to monitor the heart rate and maintain a normal heart rate.

5. Catheter ablation

An ablation device will be inserted into the heart by using a catheter, to monitor veins in the thighs, neck and chest. This tool will assess how the electrical impulses work on the heart.

Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat palpitations?

Here are lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with irregular heartbeats:

  • Recognize the symptoms and risk factors so that you can seek medical help as soon as possible.
  • Reduce stress with relaxation therapy. For example doing yoga, tai chi, or deep breathing techniques.
  • Reduce or even avoid the consumption of alcohol and caffeine.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Make sure you get enough rest.
  • Take care of your diet properly.
  • Keep blood pressure and cholesterol at optimal levels.
  • If the drugs you are taking cause palpitations, immediately tell your doctor to get alternative medicines.

If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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