Categories: Disease A-Z

What is What is swollen feet? ? – A-Z Disease

Definition

What is swollen feet?

Peripheral edema, or better known as swollen feet is a health condition that occurs due to a buildup of fluid in the legs or ankles.

This condition can arise because you stand too long, walk, or sit. Swollen feet can also be a sign if you are overweight, lazy to move, or have certain medical conditions.

This fluid buildup is usually not painful, unless it is caused by an injury. Someone who has swollen feet may be a little disturbed to perform daily activities.

How common are swollen feet?

Swollen feet are a very common health condition. This condition can afflict patients at any age. However, you can prevent it by reducing the existing risk factors. Discuss with your doctor for more information.

Signs & Symptoms

Is swollen feet swollen dangerous?

Swollen feet can be a common condition and need not worry. However, swollen feet can be a danger sign and need to be treated immediately by a doctor if:

  • You have heart or kidney disease and have swelling
  • You have liver disease and swelling in the legs
  • The area is swollen red and feels warm to the touch
  • Your body temperature is higher than normal
  • You are pregnant and experience sudden or severe swelling
  • You have tried treatment at home, but without success
  • Your swelling is getting worse

In some cases, your symptoms can worsen, such as:

  • Pain, pressure, or tightness in the chest area
  • Dizzy
  • Confused
  • Feeling dizzy or fainting
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain symptoms, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

Although swelling in the legs is not something to worry about, sometimes it can be a sign of something more serious.

You should immediately go to the hospital if you experience any of the above symptoms.

Cause

What causes swollen feet?

There are many causes of swollen feet. Areas that have swelling can also spread to the ankles and soles of the feet. In most cases, the cause of swollen feet is related to certain lifestyle factors, such as:

  • Overweight (overweight). Being overweight can reduce blood circulation, causing a buildup of fluid in the legs, ankles and soles of the feet.
  • Activity that is too long. Standing or sitting for long periods of time prevents the feet from pumping body fluids back to the heart because the muscles are not active at that time.

The cause of swollen feet can also be due to factors using certain drugs. Some medicines that can cause swollen feet include:

  • Steroids
  • Estrogen or testosterone
  • Some antidepressants, including tricyclic and MAO inhibitors
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib, and aspirin
  • Heart disease medications such as amplodipine and difedipine
  • Some diabetes medications include metformin

In addition, these types of drugs can reduce blood circulation by increasing blood viscosity. Well, that is the reason for swollen feet.

Be sure to consult a doctor if you suspect that your medication is causing swelling in the lower extremities. Do not stop using the drug before you consult a doctor first.

Other possible causes of swollen feet include:

Congestive kidney failure

Congestive kidney failure occurs when blood does not pump enough blood to other organs and tissues.

When one or two parts of the heart do not pump blood out, blood will accumulate in the heart or clog in organs or tissues, causing blood to accumulate in the circulatory system. Including blood circulation in the legs.

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when there are blood clots in veins. When blood clots form in the leg veins, it can disrupt blood flow, causing swelling and discomfort in the legs.

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is inflammation of blood vessels that affects the process of blood clotting. When this happens, blood flow in the area slows down and eventually forms small clots in the blood vessels.

Inflammation of blood vessels can cause areas of the skin to feel pain, redness, and swelling, especially in the arms or legs.

Venous insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is a health problem that occurs when blood vessels cannot pump blood adequately, causing blood to collect in the legs.

Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a long-term inflammation of the pericardium which is a sac like membrane around the heart. This condition causes chronic and severe breathing difficulties and swelling in the legs and ankles.

Limfadema

Lymphedema, known as lymphatic obstruction, lymphedema causes a blockage in the lymphatic system. This system consists of lymph nodes and blood vessels which help carry fluids throughout the body.

Blockage in the lymphatic system causes the tissue to become swollen by fluid, resulting in swelling in the arms and legs.

Hormonal changes

Natural hormonal changes such as increased levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone can reduce circulation in the legs, resulting in swelling. Changes in the level of this hormone can occur during pregnancy and a woman's menstrual cycle.

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia causes high blood pressure during pregnancy. Increased blood pressure can cause poor circulation and swelling in the face, hands and feet.

Cirrhosis of the liver

Liver cirrhosis is a condition of severe injury to the liver, which is often caused by alcohol abuse or infection (hepatitis B or C). This condition can cause high blood pressure and poor circulation in the legs, ankles and soles of the feet.

Kidney failure

When the kidneys fail to function properly, waste products and fluids can accumulate in the body. This causes swelling in the feet, ankles and soles.

Nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder when the kidneys secrete too much protein in the urine that comes out of the body. This condition causes swelling (edema), especially in the legs and ankles and increases the risk of other health problems.

Infection or injury

Every time you experience an incision, scratch, or more serious injury in the area of ​​the foot, the body increases the production of white blood cells and fluid to the area to attack foreign substances that cause infection.

This is what causes swelling in the legs. However, if the wound is already infected, you may be able to experience swelling that is not only in one area.

Injury or trauma

Injury due to accidents, sports, falls, etc. that affects the foot, foot or ankle causes increased blood flow to the area. Finally, there was swelling. This is the body's natural reaction when you have an injury.

Arthritis and other joint problems

Some other conditions that can cause swollen feet are gout, knee bursitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Filariasis

Filariasis is a swollen foot which is also called an elephant's foot. You can experience pain or swelling in the body for a long time, including the legs.

There may be several causes of swollen feet that are not mentioned above. If you are worried about other possible causes of swollen feet, do not hesitate to consult a doctor immediately. Your doctor will give you more complete and accurate information.

Risk factors

What increases my risk of swollen feet?

There are many factors that increase the risk of swollen feet, including:

  • Little physical activity, such as sitting, lying down, standing for too long
  • Having varicose veins, which are a common cause of thromophlebitis
  • Put a pacemaker in the blood vessels of the center to treat certain medical conditions
  • Are pregnant or have just given birth
  • Taking birth control pills or doing hormone therapy
  • Have a family history of blood clotting disorders
  • Previous thrombophlebitis
  • Have had a stroke
  • Above 60 years old
  • Overweight (overweight) or obesity
  • I have cancer
  • Smoke

If you have one or more risk factors as mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor to determine an effective prevention strategy according to your needs.

Complications

What are the possible complications of swollen feet?

As explained above, the causes of leg swelling vary. Ranging from mild to severe. However, you should not underestimate this condition. If not handled properly, swelling in the feet, ankles, or soles of the feet can cause serious complications. Here are some of the complications that may occur from swelling of the feet including:

Pulmonary embolism

Blood clots that occur in the legs can be released and flow into the lungs, which can clog arteries in the lungs. Because frozen blood clots block the flow of blood to the lungs, this condition can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.

Taking action to prevent blood clots in your legs will help protect you from pulmonary embolism.

Post-thrombosis syndrome

This condition can occur for months or even years after you have deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This condition can cause long-term pain causing swelling, severe feeling in the affected leg, even paralysis.

Medicines & Medications

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor for more information.

How is swollen feet diagnosed?

During your visit, the doctor will do a physical examination and ask about the symptoms you are experiencing.

To help diagnose the cause of the swelling, your doctor may do one or more of the following tests:

  • Blood test
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • Electrocardiogram

What are the medicines for swollen feet?

If your swelling is related to lifestyle habits or minor injuries, your doctor will probably give you a swollen foot remedy that can be done at home. This swollen leg remedy can be started by resting, improving food intake, and so on.

If your swelling is a result of another underlying health condition, the doctor will first try to treat the specific condition.

Swelling can be reduced by prescription drugs, such as diuretics. However, swollen leg medication by using this doctor's prescription can cause side effects, and is usually only used if home treatment is not successful.

In serious cases, your doctor may perform surgery to treat the swelling that you experience.

Home remedies

How to deal with swollen feet?

Some ways to deal with swollen feet at home include:

  • Raise your legs whenever you lie down. The foot must be raised so that it is higher than the heart. You might want to place a pillow under your feet to make it more comfortable.
  • Stay active and focus stretching and moving your legs.
  • Reduce your salt intake, which can reduce the amount of fluid that can accumulate in the legs.
  • Avoid wearing garters and other types of tight clothing around your thighs.
  • If you are overweight or obese, try to lose the ideal weight according to your height.
  • Wear stockings or compression socks.
  • Stand or walk at least once every hour, especially if you stay seated or stand for long periods.
  • If the cause of your swollen feet due to side effects from the use of certain drugs, you should immediately consult a doctor. Never stop, reduce, or add a dose of medication without the permission of your doctor. Your doctor will give you other medication options to suit your condition.

Prevention

How to prevent swollen feet?

Sitting for long flights or driving for too long can cause your ankles and calves to swell, increasing the risk of thrombophlebitis. To help prevent blood clots in the legs, here are some things you should do:

  • Take a walk. If you are traveling long distances that take hours by plane, train or bus, make time to stand up from your seat or walk down the aisle once every hour. If you drive, stop every hour and move.
  • Move your feet regularly. Flex your ankles by rotating them slowly, or gently press your feet to the floor at least 10 times every hour.
  • Wear loose clothes. Every time you travel far, avoid using clothes or pants made from jeans, which makes it difficult for you to move. Also avoid using tight stockings, leggings or socks.
  • Drink lots of water. Fill your liquid needs by drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day (about 2 liters) to avoid dehydration. However, you alone can judge how much water you need. Water requirements vary between individuals. It's best to drink whenever you feel thirsty, so that your water needs are met.
  • Pay attention to food intake. For some people with a history of certain diseases, food can be one of the causes of swollen feet. Therefore, always make sure you pay attention to food intake that you consume daily. Expand eat vegetables and avoid various foods that are high in salt, fat, and sugar.
  • Consult a doctor. If you do have a history of certain diseases such as kidney, liver, heart, and other cardiovascular diseases, routinely consult a doctor. It is intended that your condition can be monitored properly by a doctor.

If you have questions, consult your doctor to understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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