Artichoke: benefits and side effects

What are the benefits of artichokes?

Artichoke is a flower bud thistle that is harvested before the flowers bloom. Artichoke usually used as a side dish of vegetables eat rice, but also commonly used as herbal medicine without side effects.

Artichokes are used to stimulate the flow of bile from the liver, and this is thought to be able to help reduce symptoms of heartburn and alcohol-induced alcohol.

It is recommended not only to treat liver disorders, but also in the prevention of atherosclerosis and hyperlipidemia or dyspepsia disorder.

Another use of artichoke is to increase appetite and launch the upper gastrointestinal tract. This plant also has antioxidant properties and protects the liver.

In some studies also mentioned that this plant can help overcome a variety of certain health conditions, such as:

  • High cholesterol levels
  • High blood sugar
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Kidney problems, prevent gallstones
  • Anemia, lowers blood pressure
  • Fluid retention (edema)
  • Arthritis
  • Bladder infections, increase urine flow
  • Heart problem
  • Snakebite
  • As a tonic or a stimulant

How does it work?

There is no sufficient study of how these herbal supplements work. Please discuss with your herbalist or doctor for more information.

However, existing research says that artichoke extract contains substances that can protect and maintain the health of the liver. The substance is the cynarin that stimulates the liver to be more effective.

This substance also affects the digestion of fat in the body, thus making cholesterol levels more controllable. If cholesterol levels continue to normal, then the risk of heart disease decreases.

In addition, artichoke plants also contain enough fiber, so it can maintain a healthy digestive system and avoid you from excessive fat content.


The following information can not be used in lieu of medical advice. ALWAYS consult a herbalist or physician before using this medication.

How many doses are commonly used for artichokes?

Actually, there is no definite rule regarding the use of artichoke extract. However, in some studies, the need for artichoke dosage is as follows:

For stomach ulcers: 320-640 mg of artichoke leaf extract taken three times a day.

For high cholesterol: 1800-1920 mg of certain artichoke extract is divided in 2 to 3 doses per day. Products containing 60-1500 mg per day of active ingredient, cynarin, are also commonly used.

The dose for this herbal supplement may be different for each patient. The dosage used depends on your age, health condition, and some other conditions. Herbal supplements are not always safe. Please discuss with your herbalist or doctor for the correct dose for you.

What forms of artichokes are available?

This herbal supplement may be available in the following forms:

  • Standard extract
  • Tincture (liquid)

What side effects can artichokes have?

Artichokes are household herbs and have very few side effects. So, its use is quite safe. However, there may be some effects that can happen, such as hunger and fatigue.

In some cases, side effects that may also arise when taking an artichoke supplement are:

  • bloated
  • stomach pain
  • diarrhea
  • allergy

The greatest risk of an allergic reaction usually affects those who are allergic to plants such as marigolds, daisies, and other similar spices.

Not everyone has this side effect. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have concerns about side effects, please consult an herbalist or a doctor.

What should I know before taking artichokes?

  • Take cholesterol testing regularly if artichokes are used for hyperlipidemia.
  • Learn your diet history to identify foods high in cholesterol that may need to be removed.
  • Use a small amount of solution or liquid extract mixed with water.

The regulations governing the use of herbal supplements are not too stringent compared to drug use regulations. Further research is needed to determine its safety. Before using herbal supplements, make sure the benefits are more than the risks. Consult your herbalist and doctor for more information.

How safe is artichoke?

Artichokes should not be used by people with blockage of bile ducts, gallstones, or hypersensitivity for artichokes. Be careful if you also consume iron salt, because artichokes in tea can interfere with the absorption of iron salts. Use caution in patients with liver or kidney disease.

Artichoke medicines should be avoided in children or those who are pregnant or breastfeeding until further research is available.


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