Discomfort that results tooth ache can be treated with toothache medication. Toothache medication also consists of drugs that can be found in pharmacies and antibiotics that require a prescription from a doctor.
Various choices of toothache drugs in pharmacies
Most toothache medicines you can buy at the nearest pharmacy without needing to redeem a doctor’s prescription. However, you should still consult your dentist first to find out which drug is most suitable for you.
Here are some toothache medication options that can be found in pharmacies:
1. 3% hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide is a liquid antiseptic that is often used as a mouthwash to kill bacteria and germs that cause tooth and gum problems, including sprue too gingivitis.
Simply dissolve hydrogen peroxide with water and then rinse your mouth for 30 seconds. After that immediately throw it away and rinse again with clean water. Remember, you need to dilute the liquid hydrogen peroxide first, as its pure form can injure the mouth and gums.
Paracetamol including NSAID class drugs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
Citing the results of a journal study Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery, this drug can also help relieve toothache, especially for pain that occurs after removing a tooth.
Paracetamol works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins in the brain so that it can stop pain. Paracetamol can also reduce fever and relieve headaches that often arise due to toothaches.
This drug is available in Indonesia in various brands such as Panadol, Biogesic, Sumagesic, Bodrex, and so on.
The following is the paracetamol dosage for treating toothache:
- Adults: 1000 mg every 6-8 hours or 2 500 mg tablets taken every 4-6 hours.
- Children who are 12 or older: 325-650 mg every 4-6 hours or 1000 mg 3-4 times a day. Maximum daily dose: 4000 mg / day
- Children older than 6 months to 12 years: 10-15 mg / kg / dose every 4-6 hours as needed and do not exceed 5 doses in 24 hours. Maximum total daily dose: 75 mg / kg / day not to exceed 3750 mg / day.
However, if you have allergies or serious liver problems, you are not recommended to take this paracetamol. Make sure you read the instructions on the packaging label first.
Just like paracetamol, ibuprofen also classified NSAIDs which can be a way to treat toothaches and other comorbidities. However, avoid taking ibuprofen on an empty stomach as it will injure the stomach.
Ibuprofen as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug is claimed to work well for toothaches because it can reduce inflammation problems. This is common when there is pain in your teeth.
Ibuprofen is a type of generic drug that is available in various brands, such as Brufen, Proris, Arfen, Advil, Motrin, and many more.
The dosage of ibuprofen for toothache is:
- Adults and teenagers: About 200-400 mg every 4-6 hours, depending on the need and the pain you feel. The highest dose limit is 3200 mg / day (if you get it by prescription).
- Children over 6 months: The dosage is adjusted for body weight. This dose is usually determined by your doctor, but is usually 10 mg / kg every 6-8 hours or 40 mg / kg per day. Giving ibuprofen to children should be under the supervision of a doctor.
This medication can have mild to severe side effects. Some of the mild side effects of this drug include nausea, vomiting, flatulence, nervousness, headache, ringing in the ears, and indigestion such as constipation or diarrhea.
While the side effects are quite heavy to watch out for is chest pain, hard to breathe, black / bloody stool, dark urine, and yellowish skin and eyes. If the pain is gone, stop using this drug immediately. Because, ibuprofen should not be consumed in the long term.
Make sure you always read the instructions for using the drug and the recommended dosage. If you experience side effects, stop using this drug immediately and contact your doctor.
Naproxen is a pain reliever drug that is also often used to treat toothaches. This toothache medicine is available in tablet form with a dosage of 220 mg. An example of a brand of naproxen is Xenifar.
The dosage of naproxen toothache medication are:
- Adults: 550 mg naproxen sodium taken once, followed by 550 mg naproxen sodium every 12 hours, or 275 mg (naproxen sodium) / 250 mg (naproxen) every 6-8 hours as needed.
- Children older than 2 years: 2.5-10 mg / kg / dose. The maximum daily dose is 10 mg / kg, given every 8 to 12 hours.
However, you should be aware of the side effects of this drug. Some of the common side effects that often occur when taking this medicine are stomach pain, light heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, headaches, itchy and red skin, and blurred vision.
If you are going to have surgery, including dental surgery, you should tell your doctor that you will be using this medicine. You also need to consult a doctor first if you have a history of kidney and liver disease, or are taking certain drugs related to vascular disease.
In fact benzocaine is a local anesthetic drug that works by blocking nerve signals in your body.
There is also topical benzocaine which is useful for reducing pain or discomfort so that the skin or surface in the mouth becomes numb.
Side effects that may arise due to benzocaine include:
- Lips, nails, and palms turn bluish in color
- Dark urine
- It’s hard to breathe
- High fever
- Pale skin
- Fast heartbeat
- Sore throat
- An unusual wound
- Unusual fatigue
- The condition gets worse, there is irritation, swelling, or the mouth area turns red
Not everyone experiences the side effects mentioned above. Consult with your doctor first, before using this type of drug.
Not only because of tooth decay, toothache can also be caused by other health conditions such as sinusitis. Therefore, there is nothing wrong with treating the infection as well as possible.
One way is to use decongestants such as nasal sprays, drops, or even in tablet form. This method can help relieve nasal congestion because the way it works is to limit blood flow to the sinus cavities so that the sinuses shrink.
However, if your sinuses have healed and you still have a toothache, see a doctor immediately for treatment.
Choice of toothache medication that is safe for pregnant women
Every pregnant woman who has a toothache is obliged to avoid NSAID painkillers such as aspirin and ibuprofen. The American Pregnancy Association has warned globally against using these drugs during pregnancy.
Research shows that consumption of aspirin and ibuprofen during pregnancy is associated with the risk of birth defects, problems with the heart and digestive system. In fact, using ibuprofen during pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage.
Consumption of NSAID drugs during pregnancy is generally associated with closing the ductus arteriosus (vessels from the heart to the lungs), kidney poisoning in the fetus, and preventing labor.
Then, what drugs can be consumed by pregnant women? The following toothache medications are safe for pregnant women.
Almost the same as other drugs taken during pregnancy, take paracetamol at the lowest dose and for only a short time.
Antibiotics can be a toothache medicine that is safe for pregnant women to take. Because, this type of drug is a common thing that doctors give during pregnancy.
Here are some types of antibiotics that are classified as safe as toothache medications for pregnant women, such as:
If an antibiotic has been prescribed, take it until it runs out according to the dosage and the time period set by the doctor. Do not add, reduce, stop, or extend your dose without your doctor knowing.