The vertebrae that make up the cervical spine are the smallest seven within the spinal column. These bones give the neck structure, support the skull, and protect the spinal cord, among other functions.
Each vertebra is shaped like an odd Mardi Gras mask when viewed from the top. A protrusion on the backside called the spinous process extends backward and slightly downward. This is where ligaments and muscles attach to the vertebra.
The bodies of the vertebrae are connected to one another. Many ligaments, or bands of connective tissue, wrap around the spinal column and connect its vertebrae. They also prevent excessive movement that could damage the spinal column.
Intervertebral discs, small cartilage cushions, pad the spaces between the vertebrae. The discs allow movement of the spinal column and function like shock absorbers.
A letter and number identify vertebrae. In the cervical column, the vertebrae are C1 through C7. The “C” stands for “cervical.”
All of the cervical vertebrae flex and extend the neck, but some have additional special functions, including:
Fracture to any vertebra is considered a medical emergency, but damage to the cervical vertebrae is especially critical. Fracture and injury to the C2 vertebra is common with high-force trauma, and may cause death or paralysis.
Have you ever eaten kale leaf? If not, from now on try to eat it, because kale leaves have a…
Fava beans or also known by name board beans is a type of bean that is included in legumes. Fava…
One of the things to do when fasting is to hold thirst. Decreased fluid intake during fasting makes the mouth…