The foot is the lowermost level of the human leg. The foot’s form, together with the physique’s pure balance-keeping programs, make people able to not solely strolling, but in addition operating, climbing, and numerous different actions.
The foot’s advanced construction accommodates greater than 100 tendons, ligaments, and muscle tissue that transfer almost three dozen joints, whereas bones present construction. The construction of the foot is just like that of the hand, however as a result of the foot bears extra weight, it’s stronger and fewer cell.
The biggest bone of the foot, the calcaneus, kinds what is usually known as the heel. It slopes upward to satisfy the tarsal bones, which level downward together with the remaining bones of the ft.
Under the juncture of those bones are the arches of the foot, that are three curves on the backside of the foot that makes strolling simpler and fewer taxing for the physique. These arches — the medial arch, lateral arch, and basic longitudinal arch — are created by the angles of the bones and strengthened by the tendons that join the muscle tissue and the ligaments that join the bones.
The bones of the foot are organized into rows named tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, and phalanges. These make up the toes and broad part of the ft. The opposite bones of the foot that create the ankle and connecting bones embody:
Most of the muscle tissue that have an effect on bigger foot actions are situated within the decrease leg. Nevertheless, the foot itself is an online of muscle tissue that may carry out particular articulations that assist keep steadiness and flex as an individual walks.
The place and performance of the ft can result in issues that have an effect on the ft, backbone, and extra. In some instances, these issues could outcome from footwear that doesn’t correctly work with the foot’s alignment or throws off the physique’s pure weight steadiness.
Widespread foot issues embody:
- Foot ache
- Athlete’s foot
- Plantar warts
- Gout (a sort of arthritis)
- Plantar fasciitis (heel ache)
- Stress fractures
- Diabetic foot ulcers