The knee joint capsule is the construction surrounding the knee, made up of ligaments, bone, and fluid-filled cavities. It permits the total knee to have flexion, or bending movement, as a result of folds inside the capsule.
The joint capsule is made up of the patella (kneecap), which is inside the anterior (entrance) capsule, the tibia (shinbone), and the femur (thigh bone). The capsule is held along with ligaments (fibrous connective tissue) that assist with the vary of movement.
The capsule comprises synovial fluid, which is discovered within the cavities of extremely cellular joints referred to as synovial joints. This fluid circulates across the patella, tibia, and femur. It helps lubricate and supply vitamins to the joint.
The joint’s posterior facet, or again portion, is stronger and thicker. It makes the individual, when standing, extra secure and higher in a position to steadiness. That is vital as a result of the knee is mostly unstable because of its bony configuration.