Arteries are blood vessels that offer the physique with oxygen-rich blood from the center. The saphenous department descending genicular artery is without doubt one of the femoral artery’s most important branching vessels, earlier than it passes by the adductor magnus’s tendon opening. The time period genicular is from the Latin phrase geniculatus, which implies bent like a knee.
The saphenous department descending genicular artery particularly refers to an artery that passes beneath the joint of the knee, alongside the internal aspect of the leg. Within the course of, the saphenous department descending genicular artery accompanies the saphenous nerve, a department of the femoral nerve, to produce blood to the leg and foot’s internal facet.
The saphenous department descending genicular artery pierces by the adductor canal’s aponeurotic protecting. The adductor canal is an open space within the thigh and its aponeurotic protecting is a sheet-like, fibrous tissue. This department travels between the gracilis and sartorius muscle groups earlier than it pierces the fascia lata, deep connective tissue of the thigh. Right here, it distributes itself to the leg’s higher and internal surfaces. It additionally anastomoses (makes connections with) the with the medial inferior genicular artery on this space.