Arteries are blood vessels that provide the physique with oxygen-rich blood from the guts. The saphenous department descending genicular artery is among the femoral artery’s principal branching vessels, earlier than it passes by the adductor magnus’s tendon opening. The time period genicular is from the Latin phrase geniculatus, which suggests bent like a knee.
The saphenous department descending genicular artery particularly refers to an artery that passes under the joint of the knee, alongside the inside facet of the leg. Within the course of, the saphenous department descending genicular artery accompanies the saphenous nerve, a department of the femoral nerve, to produce blood to the leg and foot’s inside facet.
The saphenous department descending genicular artery pierces by the adductor canal’s aponeurotic masking. The adductor canal is an open space within the thigh and its aponeurotic masking is a sheet-like, fibrous tissue. This department travels between the gracilis and sartorius muscle mass earlier than it pierces the fascia lata, deep connective tissue of the thigh. Right here, it distributes itself to the leg’s higher and inside surfaces. It additionally anastomoses (makes connections with) the with the medial inferior genicular artery on this space.