Categories: Medicine A-Z

Diphenhydramine – A-Z Medicine

Use

What is Diphenhydramine for?

Diphenhydramine is a drug that is generally used to relieve itching and temporary pain caused by burns, cuts, minor cuts, sunburn., insect bites, mild skin irritation, or rash from poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac.

Diphenhydramine is a drug that belongs to the antihistamine group. This drug works by blocking the effects of certain chemicals (histamine) that cause itching. This product also contains other ingredients (like skin protectors allantoin, zinc acetate) which helps eliminate symptoms such as dry, wet or suppurating skin. Read the packaging for more information.

Depending on the brand and shape of the diphenhydramine product you are using, packaging information may state that this drug is not recommended for children under 2, 6, or 12 years unless given by a doctor.

If you use this medicine yourself, it is important to read the rules of use on the packaging carefully before starting to use this product to make sure that this medicine is right for you.

How to use

How to use Diphenhydramine?

Diphenhydramine is a drug that is used only on the skin as directed by a doctor. If you use it yourself, follow all the rules on the drug packaging. If you are not sure about this information, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Some products may need to be shaken before use.

Before using, clean the skin area with soap and water. Dry gently. Apply to the skin area, usually no more than 3-4 times a day. Wash hands immediately after use, except for the treated skin area.

Do not use on areas of the body that are wider or more than recommended. Your condition will not improve faster, and the risk of side effects increases.

Diphenhydramine is a drug whose use must avoid parts your eyes, nose, ears or mouth. If the drug enters the area, rinse and clean immediately with water.

Stop using this medication and tell your doctor if your condition worsens if symptoms do not improve within 7 days or persist after 7 days of therapy, or if symptoms disappear and reappear within a few days. If you think you have a serious health problem, seek medical attention immediately.

Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

How to store Diphenhydramine?

Diphenhydramine is the drug that is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and a damp place. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.

Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.

Dose

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.

What is the dose of Diphenhydramine for adults?

Adult Dosage for Extrapyramidal Symptoms

  • Parenteral: 10-50 mg IV or IM as needed. Can be increased to 100 mg if needed. The maximum daily dose is 400 mg.
  • Oral: 25-50 mg taken every 6-8 hours.

Adult Dosage for Insomnia

  • 25-50 mg taken before bedtime.

Adult Dosage for Hangovers

  • Parenteral: 10-50 mg IV or IM as needed. Can be increased to 100 mg if needed. The maximum daily dose is 400 mg.
  • Oral: 25-50 mg taken every 6-8 hours. Give the initial dose 30 minutes before exposure to the movement and repeat before eating and before the trip.

Adult Dosage for Cough

  • 25 mg taken every 4 hours as needed, no more than 150 mg per day.

Adult Dosage for Flu Symptoms

  • 25-50 mg taken every 4-6 hours as needed, no more than 300 mg / 24 hours.

Adult Dosage for Itching

  • 25-50 mg taken every 4-6 hours as needed, no more than 300 mg / 24 hours.

Adult Dosage for Urticaries

  • 25-50 mg taken every 4-6 hours as needed, no more than 300 mg / 24 hours.

What is the dose of Diphenhydramine for children?

Children's Dosage for Allergic Rhinitis

  • ≥ 2 to less than 6 years: 6.25 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 37.5 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥6 to less than 12 years: 12.5-25 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 150 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥ 12 years: 25-50 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 300 mg / 24 hours.

Children's Dosage for Flu Symptoms

  • ≥ 2 to less than 6 years: 6.25 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 37.5 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥6 to less than 12 years: 12.5-25 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 150 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥ 12 years: 25-50 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 300 mg / 24 hours.

Children's Dosage for Motion sickness

  • ≥ 2 to less than 6 years: 6.25 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 37.5 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥6 to less than 12 years: 12.5-25 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 150 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥ 12 years: 25-50 mg taken every 4-6 hours, not more than 300 mg / 24 hours.

Children's Dose for Insomnia

  • ≥ 12 years: 25-50 mg taken before bedtime.

Dosage for Children to Cough

  • ≥ 2 to less than 6 years: 6.25 mg taken every 4 hours, not more than 37.5 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥6 to less than 12 years: 12.5 mg taken every 4 hours, not more than 75 mg / 24 hours.
  • ≥ 12 years: 25 mg taken every 4 hours, not more than 150 mg / 24 hours.

Children's Dose for Extrapyramidal Symptoms

Dystonic reactions: 1-2 mg / kg (max: 50 mg) IV or IM (Pediatric Advanced Life Support)

Children's Dosage for Allergic Reactions

  • 1-12 years: 5 mg / kg / day or 150 mg / m2 / day given orally, IM or IV, or the equivalent dose divided every 6-8 hours, not more than 300 mg / 24 hours.
  • Acute hypersensitivity reactions: 1-2 mg / kg IV or IM (max: 50 mg) (Advanced Pediatric Life Support)

At what dose is Diphenhydramine available?

Diphenhydramine is a drug available in the following dosages.

Capsules, Oral, as hydrochloride:

  • Allergy Relief: 25 mg
  • Anti-Hist: 25 mg
  • Banophen: 25 mg, 50 mg
  • Benadryl: 25 mg
  • Benadryl Allergy: 25 mg
  • Diphenhist: 25 mg
  • Genahist: 25 mg
  • Geri-Dryl: 25 mg
  • Elixir, Oral, as hydrochloride:
  • Altaryl: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (120 mL, 480 mL, 3840 mL)
  • Generic: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (5 mL, 10 mL)

Liquid, Oral, as hydrochloride:

  • Allergy Relief Children: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (118 mL, 480 mL)
  • Banophen: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (118 mL) (473 mL)
  • Diphenhist: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (118 mL, 473 mL)
  • PediaCare Childrens Allergy: 12.5mg / 5 mL (118 mL)
  • Solution, Injection, as hydrochloride:
  • Generic: 50 mg / mL (1 mL, 10 mL)
  • Strip, Oral, as hydrochloride:
  • Triaminic Cough / Runny Nose: 12.5 mg
  • Syrup, Oral, as hydrochloride:
  • Altaryl: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (120 mL, 480 mL, 38785 mL)
  • Quenalin: 12.5 mg / 5 mL (120 mL)

Tablets, Oral, as hydrochloride:

  • Aler-Dryl: 50 mg
  • Allergy Relief: 25 mg
  • Anti-Hist Allergy: 25 mg
  • Banophen: 25 mg
  • Benadryl: 25 mg
  • Benadryl Allergy: 25 mg
  • Complete Allergy Medication: 25 mg
  • Complete Allergy Relief: 25 mg
  • Diphen: 25 mg
  • Diphenhist: 25 mg
  • Geri-Dryl: 25 mg
  • Nighttime Sleep Aid: 25 mg, 50 mg
  • Nytol: 25 mg
  • Simply Allergy: 25 mg
  • Simply Sleep: 25 mg
  • Sleep Tabs: 25 mg
  • Tablets, Chewed, as hydrochloride:
  • Benadryl Allergy Childrens: 12.5 mg

Side effects

What side effects can be experienced because of Diphenhydramine?

Diphenhydramine is a drug that can cause side effects. Side effects that often occur from Diphenhydramine ie drowsiness, feeling tired, dizzy, impaired coordination, dry and thickened mouth and other secretions of breathing, and stomach disorders. Diphenhydramine can also cause blurred vision, double vision, trembling, loss of appetite, or nausea.

Stop using diphenhydramine and seek immediate medical help if you experience signs of an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; throat covered; swollen face, lips, or tongue; or itching).

Diphenhydramine is a drug that can cause other side effects that are lighter. Continue using diphenhydramine and talk with your doctor if you experience:

  • drowsiness, weakness, or dizziness
  • headache
  • dry mouth
  • difficulty urinating or prostate enlargement.

Not everyone experiences the following side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Prevention & Warnings

What should be known before using Diphenhydramine?

Some things to know before using diphenhydramine are:

  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to diphenhydramine or other drugs
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and non-prescription drugs you are taking, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products that you consume or plan to take. Make sure you mention the following drugs: other diphenhydramine products (including skin medications); other medicines for flu, hay fever, or allergic; medication for anxiety, depression, or seizures; muscle paralysis; narcotic drugs for pain; sedatives; sleeping pills; and sedative
  • tell your doctor if you have or have had asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis or other lung diseases; glaucoma (a condition in which eyeball pressure increases which can cause gradual loss of vision); ulcer; difficulty urinating (due to enlargement of the prostate gland); heart disease; high blood pressure; convulsions; or hyperactivity of the thyroid gland. If you are going to use liquid, tell your doctor if you have been told to go on a low salt diet
  • tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. If you are going to get pregnant and are taking diphenhydramine, call your doctor right away
  • talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of using diphenhydramine if you are ≥ 65 years old. The elderly should not use diphenhydramine because it is not as safe as other drugs that can be used to treat the same condition
  • if you are going to do surgery, such as dental surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using diphenhydramine
  • remember that alcohol can add to the drowsiness caused by this drug. Do not consume alcohol when you use this medicine
  • if you have phenylketonuria (PKU, a hereditary condition where you have to go on a special diet to prevent mental retardation), you should know that some brands of chewable tablets and soluble tablets containing diphenhydramine can be given aspartame sweetener, a source of phenylalanine

Is Diphenhydramine safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women?

Diphenhydramine Warning for Pregnancy

Diphenhydramine is a drug that is included in the category of pregnancy B by BPOM. Animal studies fail to show teratogenicity. The Collaborative Perinatal Project reports 595 first trimester exposures and 2,948 exposures at any time during pregnancy. Possible relationships have been found with individual malformations

One study reported a statistical relationship between diphenhydramine use in the first trimester with cleft lip. One case of drug withdrawal has been reported in a baby with a mother taking 150 mg of diphenhydramine per day. This baby experiences tremors in the first 5 days treated with phenobarbital. Diphenhydramine is only recommended for use during pregnancy when the potential benefits outweigh the risks.

Diphenhydramine Warning when Breastfeeding

Diphenhydramine is a drug that can be secreted in breast milk. Diphenhydramine also inhibits lactation. Because of the potential for serious side effects in breastfeeding infants, drug manufacturers recommend stopping breastfeeding or using drugs, depending on how important the drug is to the mother.

The following references pregnancy risk categories according to BPOM:

  • A = No risk,
  • B = No risk in several studies,
  • C = Maybe risky,
  • D = There is positive evidence of risk,
  • X = Contraindications,
  • N = Unknown

Interaction

What medicines might interact with Diphenhydramine?

Diphenhydramine is a drug that can cause interactions. Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all possible drug interactions are listed in this document. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription / nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change the dose of any drug without the doctor's approval.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using this medicine if you also use other drugs, including prescription / nonprescription drugs, vitamins and herbal products. Some drugs can cause undesired or dangerous effects when used together. Not all possible interactions are mentioned in these drug instructions.

Using this medicine with other drugs that can make you sleepy or slow down your breath can worsen this effect. Ask your doctor before using diphenhydramine with sleeping pills, narcotic painkillers, muscle relaxants, or anxiety medications, depression, or seizures.

Can food or alcohol interact with Diphenhydramine?

Diphenhydramine is a drug that can react with food or alcohol. Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.

Be careful when consuming alcohol. Alcohol can increase drowsiness and dizziness when using diphenhydramine.

What health conditions can interact with Diphenhydramine?

Diphenhydramine is a drug that can react if you have certain health problems. Other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. tell your doctor if you have other health problems.

Overdose

What should I do in an emergency or overdose?

In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Source link

Share
Published by
Benefits Of

Recent Posts

What is Autism ? – A-Z Disease

DefinitionWhat is autism (autism spectrum disorder)? Autism is a serious and complex disorder of the brain and nerve function that…

7 days ago

What is Atrial Flutter ? – A-Z Disease

DefinitionWhat is atrial flutter? Atrial flutter is similar heart rhythm disorders atrial fibrillation. Atrial flutter occurs when your heart beats…

7 days ago

What is Atherosclerosis ? – A-Z Disease

DefinitionWhat is atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis is a disease that occurs when plaque (fat deposits) clog your arteries. Plaque is formed from…

1 week ago

What is Allergy Asthma ? – A-Z Disease

DefinitionWhat is allergic asthma? Allergic asthma is a symptom of asthma that is triggered or appears as an allergic reaction.…

1 week ago

What is Ascaris Lumbricoides ? – A-Z Disease

DefinitionWhat is that Ascaris lumbricoides? Ascaris lumbricoides is a Latin name for roundworms that live in the human intestine. This…

1 week ago

What is Arrhythmia ? – A-Z Disease

DefinitionWhat is arrhythmia? Arrhythmia is a heart disorder that is characterized by an abnormal beat or rhythm, in which the…

1 week ago