What is Ketoconazole for?
Ketoconazole is a medicine for treating certain fungal infections in the body. Ketoconazole belongs to the azole antifungal group which works by stopping fungus growth.
Ketoconazole should not be used to treat infections of the brain or nails. This drug can also be used to treat advanced prostate cancer.
Ketoconazole dosages and side effects of ketoconazole will be explained further below.
How to use Ketoconazole?
Take ketoconazole tablets as directed by your doctor, usually once a day. This medicine can be used with or without food, but together food will help reduce stomach pain.
If you are taking antacids, use Ketoconazole at least 2 hours before or 1 hour after using antacids, otherwise Ketoconazole may not be absorbed by the body. See also the Drug interactions section for more information.
The dosage and duration of therapy are based on your health condition and therapeutic response. In children, the dose is also based on body weight. This therapy takes several days to months.
This medicine works well when the amount of drugs in your body remains in a constant level. So, use this medicine at approximately the same interval.
To help you, use it at the same time every day.
Continue using this drug until the prescription is used up, even if symptoms disappear after a few days.
Stopping the medicine too quickly can cause re-infection.
Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
How is Ketoconazole stored?
This drug is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.
What is the dose of Ketoconazole for adults?
- Ketoconazole dose for Blastomycosis: Initial dose: 200 mg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for Chromomycosis: Initial dose: 200 mg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for Coccidioidomycosis: Initial dose: 200 mg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for Histoplasmosis: Initial dose: 200 mg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for Paracoccidioidomycosis: Initial dose: 200 mg orally once a day
What is the dose of Ketoconazole for children?
- Ketoconazole dose for children with Blastomycosis: ≥2 years: 3.3-6.6 mg / kg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for children with Chromomycosis: ≥2 years: 3.3-6.6 mg / kg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for children with Coccidioidomycosis: ≥2 years: 3.3-6.6 mg / kg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for children with histoplasmosis: ≥2 years: 3.3-6.6 mg / kg orally once a day
- Ketoconazole dose for children with Paracoccidioidomycosis: ≥2 years: 3.3-6.6 mg / kg orally once a day
In what dose is Ketoconazole available?
Ketoconazole is available in the following dosages.
Tablets, Oral: 200 mg
What side effects can be experienced due to Ketoconazole?
Common side effects of ketoconazole tablets are:
- Mild nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
- Itching or mild rash
- Breast enlargement; or
- Impotence or no lust
Contact your doctor if you experience serious side effects such as:
- Dizziness, fainting, rapid heartbeat or palpitations
- Easy bruising or bleeding, weak unusual
- Numbness or tingling
- Severe depression, confusion, or self-injury ideas; or
- Nausea, abdominal pain, mild fever, no appetite, weakness, dark urine, putty stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
Not everyone experiences the following side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Prevention & Warnings
What should be known before using Ketoconazole?
Before using Ketoconazole,
- Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to Ketoconazole or other drugs or ingredients on Ketoconazole tablets. Ask the pharmacist or check the Medication Guide for a list of medicinal ingredients
- Tell your doctor if you use alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax); eplerenone (Inspra); ergot alkaloids such as ergotamine (Ergomar, in Cafergot, in Migergot), dihydroergotamine (D.H.E 45, Migranal), and methylergonovine (Methergine); felodipine (Plendil); irinotecan (Camptosar); lovastatin (Mevacor); lurasidone (Latuda); midazolam (Versed); nisoldipine (Sular); simvastatin (Zocor); tolvaptan (Samsca); and triazolam (Halcion). Your doctor may advise against using Ketoconazole if you are using the drug or a medication that is on the IMPORTANT WARNING list.
- Tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and non-prescription drugs, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are using. Many drugs also interact with Ketoconazole, so be sure to tell your doctor all the medicines you are taking, even if they are not on this list
- If you use antacids that contain aluminum, calcium, or magnesium (Maalox, Mylanta, Tums, etc.), use 1 hour before or 2 hours after using Ketoconazole
- Tell your doctor if you have suffered or have suffered from any condition
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. If you are going to get pregnant and are taking Ketoconazole, call your doctor right away
- If you are going to do an operation, such as a dental surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using Ketoconazole
- You should know that consumption of alcohol (including wine, beer and alcohol-containing drugs such as cough medicines) when using Ketoconazole increases the risk of liver damage and can cause unwanted symptoms such as hot and reddened faces, rashes, nausea, headaches, and swelling in the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs if you consume alcohol while using Ketoconazole
Is Ketoconazole safe for pregnant and lactating women?
There is no adequate research on the risk of using ketoconazole in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the category C pregnancy risk according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA)
The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:
- A = No risk
- B = No risk in several studies
- C = Maybe risky
- D = There is positive evidence of risk
- X = Contraindications
- N = Unknown
What medicines might interact with Ketoconazole?
Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all possible drug interactions are listed in this document. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription / nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change the dose of any drug without the doctor's approval.
Can food or alcohol interact with Ketoconazole?
Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.
What health conditions can interact with Ketoconazole?
Other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. Tell your doctor if you have other health problems, specifically:
- History of liver problems
- Adrenal gland problems
- History or family history of long QT syndrome
What should I do in an emergency or overdose?
In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.