Categories: Medicine A-Z

Moxifloxacin – A-Z Medicine

Use

What is Moxifloxacin for?

Moxifloxacin is a drug used to treat various bacterial infections. This drug belongs to a class of drugs called quinolone antibiotics. It works by stopping bacterial growth.

These antibiotics only treat bacterial infections. This antibiotic will not work for viral infections (such as colds, flu). unnecessary or excessive use of antibiotics can cause its effectiveness to decrease.

How to use Moxifloxacin?

Take this medicine with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once a day. The dosage and duration of treatment is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Drink plenty of fluids when using this medicine unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Take this drug at least 4 hours before or 8 hours after using other drugs that may be able to bind to the drug moxifloxacin and cause a decrease in effectiveness. Ask your pharmacist about other medicinal products that you use. Some examples of other drugs such as: quinapril, sucralfate, vitamins / minerals (including iron and zinc supplements), and products containing magnesium, aluminum, or calcium (such as antacids, ddI solutions, calcium supplements).

Antibiotics work well when the amount of drugs in your body is at a constant level. Therefore, use this medicine regularly.

Continue using this drug until the specified amount is used up, even if the symptoms have disappeared after a few days. Stopping treatment too early can result in a return of infection.

tell your doctor if your condition is not improving or getting worse.

Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

How to store Moxifloxacin?

This drug is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.

Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.

Dose

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.

What is the dose of Moxifloxacin for adults?

The usual adult dose for bronchitis

Acute bacterial chronic bronchitis infection: 400 mg orally or IV every 24 hours for 5 days.

Usual Adult Dose for Intraabdominal Infection

Complications: 400 mg orally or IV every 24 hours for 5 to 14 days.

The usual adult dose for pneumonia

Group-pneumonia infection: 400 mg orally or IV every 24 hours for 7 to 14 days.

Usual Adult Dose for Sinusitis

Acute bacterial sinusitis: 400 mg orally or IV every 24 hours for 10 days.

The usual adult dose for skin infections or soft tissue infections

400 mg orally or IV every 24 hours. Duration: 7 to 21 days for complicated infections 7 days for uncomplicated infections.

Usual Adult Dose for Skin and Structure Infections

400 mg orally or IV every 24 hours. Duration: 7 to 21 days for complicated infections 7 days for uncomplicated infections.

Usual Adult Dosage for Inhalation of Bacillus Anthracis

Treatment of mass casualties or prevention of inhalation of Anthrax: 400 mg orally once a day for 60 days.

Usual Adult Dose for Anthrax Prophylaxis: treatment of mass victims or prevention of inhalation of Anthrax: 400 mg orally once a day for 60 days.

Usual Adult Dose for Active Tuberculosis

400 mg orally or IV once a day.

What is the dose of Moxifloxacin for children?

The dosage for children has not been determined. Consult your doctor for more information.

In what dosage is Moxifloxacin available?

  • Tablets, Oral: 400 mg
  • Injectable, parenteral: 400 mg in 0.8% sodium chloride

Side effects

What side effects can be experienced due to Moxifloxacin?

SIDE EFFECTS: Blurred vision, watery eyes, painful / dry / reddish / itchy eyes can occur. If any of these effects do not improve or worsen, inform your doctor.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he has rated that the benefits to you outweigh the risks of side effects. Many people who use this drug do not experience serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if you experience swelling of the eye, one of the possible side effects.

An allergic reaction to this drug does not usually occur, but seek medical help immediately if it occurs. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include: rash, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), dizziness, difficulty breathing.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Prevention & Warnings

What should be known before using Moxifloxacin?

Before using moxifloxacin,

  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic or have a severe reaction to moxifloxacin, other quinolones or fluoroquinolone antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), gatifloxacin (Tequin) (not available in the US), gemifloxacin (active), levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Teome) (lomefloxacin (Max)) ) (not available in the US), nalidixic acid (NegGram), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ofloxacin (Floxin), and Sparfloxacin (Zagam) (not available in the US), or other drugs
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist about prescription drugs and non-prescription drugs, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products that you use or will use. Be sure to mention the following: other anticoagulants such as anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) certain antidepressants antipsychotics (drugs to treat mental illness) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) ) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn, others) cisapride (Propulsid) (not available in the US) diuretic ('water pill') erythromycin (EES, E-Mycin, Erythrocin, etc.) or certain drugs for irregular heart beats including amiodarone (Cordarone), Disopyramide (Norpace), procainamide (Procanbid), quinidine, and sotalol (Betapace, Betapace AF, Sorine). Your doctor may need to change your medication dosage or monitor you carefully for side effects
  • use moxifloxacin at least 4 hours before or at least 8 hours after you take this drug: antacids containing magnesium or aluminum (Maalox, Mylanta, Tums, others) ddI (Videx) sucralfate (Carafate) or vitamin supplements containing iron or zinc
  • tell your doctor if you or someone in your family has or has had a prolonged QT interval (a rare heart problem that can cause irregular heartbeat, fainting, or sudden death) or irregular heartbeat, and if you have or have had nerve problems, cerebral arteriosclerosis (narrowing of arteries in or near the brain that can cause strokes or mini-strokes), convulsions, chest pain, slow heart rate, low blood pressure, low levels in your blood, or liver disease
  • tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or if you are breastfeeding. If you become pregnant while using moxifloxacin, contact your doctor
  • You should know that moxifloxacin can cause dizziness and mild headache. Do not drive a car, operate machinery, or participate in activities that require vigilance or coordination until you know how the effect of moxifloxacin has on you
  • Avoid unnecessary or prolonged sun exposure or exposure to ultraviolet rays (tanning beds and sunlamps) and use protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Moxifloxacin can make your skin sensitive to sunlight. Contact your doctor if you experience redness or blisters during treatment with moxifloxacin.

Is Moxifloxacin safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women?

There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category C according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA).

The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:

  • A = No risk,
  • B = No risk in several studies,
  • C = Maybe risky,
  • D = There is positive evidence of risk,
  • X = Contraindications,
  • N = Unknown

There is not enough research on women to find out the risk to the baby when the mother takes this drug during breastfeeding. Consider the potential benefits and potential risks before taking this drug during breastfeeding.

Interaction

What medicines might interact with Moxifloxacin?

Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all possible drug interactions are listed in this document. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription / nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change the dose of any drug without the doctor's approval

Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:

  • erythromycin
  • diuretic or "water pill"
  • insulin or oral diabetes medication
  • blood thinners – warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven
  • heart rhythm drugs – amiodarone, Disopiramide, dofetilide, dronedarone, procainamide, quinidine, sotalol, etc.
  • drugs to treat depression or mental illness – amitriptylline, clomipramine, desipramine, iloperidone, imipramine, nortriptyline, etc.
  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) – aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, etc. or
  • steroid drugs – prednisone, dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, and others

Can food or alcohol interact with Moxifloxacin?

Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.

What health conditions can interact with Moxifloxacin?

Other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. tell your doctor if you have other health problems, such as:

  • bradycardia (slow heartbeat) or
  • diabetes
  • diarrhea
  • heart disease
  • heart rhythm problems (for example, long QT intervals), or family history
  • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood)
  • seizures (epilepsy), or a history. Use with care. Might make conditions worse.
  • brain disease (for example, hardening of the arteries)
  • Kidney illness
  • liver disease (including cirrhosis)
  • organ transplants (for example, heart, kidney, or lungs), including their history
  • tendon disorders (for example, rheumatoid arthritis), history. Use with care. Can cause side effects to be worse
  • miastenia gravis (severe muscular weakness), or the presence of – It should not be used in patients with this condition

Overdose

What should I do in an emergency or overdose?

In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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