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Captopril is a medicine for treating high blood pressure (hypertension). Captropril belongs to a group of heart medicines called ACE inhibitors.
This drug works by inhibiting the angiotensin-converting enzyme which then decreases the amount of angiotensin II (a hormone that causes blood vessel constriction and increases blood pressure)
In addition to treating hypertension, captopril also helps prevent it stroke, heart attack, diabetic nephropathyand kidney problems. How to use, dostoptopril and side effects of captopril will be explained further below.
Some rules that you must understand when taking captopril are:
Call a doctor if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse.
This drug is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it.
Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.
For high blood pressure or hypertension, the dosage of the use of captopril is as follows:
Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. Blood pressure itself is the power of blood flow from the heart that pushes against the walls of blood vessels (arteries).
The strength of this blood pressure can change from time to time, influenced by what activity the heart is doing (such as exercising or in a state of rest) and the resistance of its arteries.
High blood pressure is a condition where blood pressure higher than 140/90 millimeter of mercury (mmHG). The figure of 140 mmHG refers to systolic readings, when the heart pumps blood throughout the body.
Meanwhile, the number 90 mmHG refers to diastolic readings, when the heart is relaxed while refilling its chambers with blood. The following dose is used:
For heart failure, the dose of captopril is:
Heart failure is a term used to describe the state of the heart that cannot function properly and is unable to pump blood throughout the body efficiently.
In people with heart failure, blood moves throughout the body more slowly through the heart. Due to insufficient amount of blood, the heart chambers respond by stretching to hold more blood or by becoming stiff and thickened.
This condition can help to keep blood moving, but the heart muscle will eventually weaken and not be able to work effectively.
As a result, it triggers the kidneys to hold more fluid and salt. Finally, fluid builds up in parts of the body and causes blockages. Heart failure is a different condition from heart attack and weak heart.
For left heart chambers damage, the dose of using captopril is:
When the left portion of the heart does not pump blood out, blood will accumulate in the heart or clog in the organs or tissues, causing blood to accumulate in the circulatory system.
If the left heart fails, the right heart system will be congested due to accumulated blood. Inside, the heart is blocked from excess contractions which encourage blood and can cause heart failure.
However, if the right part of the heart fails, the left heart is affected and can also cause it heart failure. The following dose is used:
Therapy may begin 3 days after myocardial infarction (damage to the heart myocardium). Captropil can also be used in patients on other postmyocardial infarction treatments such as thrombolytics, aspirin, beta blockers.
For diabetic nephropathy, the dosage of captropil is:
Diabetic nephropathy is a type of progressive kidney disease that occurs in people who have diabetes. Experts estimate that 20-40 percent of people with diabetes will experience diabetic nephropathy at some point in their lives.
Diabetic nephropathy takes place slowly. The average time needed to progress from the early stages of end-stage renal failure to kidney disease is 23 years. However, not everyone develops to stage five of the disease. Next use the dose:
For emergency hypertension, the dose of the use of the captopril drug is:
For kidney stones, the dose of captopril is:
Kidney stones are conditions that occur due to hard deposits that are formed from amino acids present in urine. The process is called nephrolithiasis.
Kidney stones or urinary stones are usually very small or can reach about a few inches. The larger stone size that fills the channel that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder is called staghorn stone. The following dosage is the use of the drug:
Safety and effectiveness of captopril have not been established in pediatric patients (under the age of 18).
Availability of captopril drug dosages are:
Possible side effects of using captopril are:
More serious side effects of captopril are listed below. See a doctor immediately if you experience the following side effects:
Not everyone experiences the above side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not use this medicine if you have an allergy to Captopril. Before using Captopril, tell your doctor if you have an allergy to any medication, or if you have:
If you have these conditions, you may need dosage adjustments or special tests to use Captopril safely.
There is no adequate research on the risk of using captopril in pregnant or breastfeeding women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category D (there is evidence of risk) according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA)
The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:
Although certain drugs are not recommended for use together, in other cases two different drugs can be used together although drug interactions may occur. In cases like this, your doctor may change the dosage, or other precautions that need to be taken. Notify your health care provider if you use other prescription or non-prescription drugs.
The use of this drug with the drugs attached below is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to continue treatment with this drug or replace the other medication you are using.
The use of this drug with the drugs attached below is generally not recommended, but may be needed in some cases. If the two drugs are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dosage or how often one drug is used.
The use of this drug with the drugs attached below can lead to an increased risk of certain side effects, but the use of both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If the two drugs are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dosage or how often one drug is used.
Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.
Other health problems can affect the use of this drug. Tell your doctor if you have other health problems, specifically:
In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.
If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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