Categories: Medicine A-Z

What medicine Loratadine? – A-Z Medicine


Generic Name:
Loratadine


Brand:
Alernitis, Alloris, Clarihis, Cronitin, Dayhist, Inversyn, Lesidas, Logista, Lorihis, Picadin, Pylor, Rihest, Soneryl, Winatin, Xepalodin, Allohex, Anhissen, Anlos, Claritin, Claudin, Fadrin, Pylor, Rihest, Soneryl, Winatin, Xepalodin, Allohex, Anhissen, Anlos, Claritin, Clatatin, Fadrin's, Glucine, Gradin, Imine, Immine Klinset, Lolergi, Loran, Lorapharm, Loratadine Hexpharm, Loratadine Indo Farma, Nosedin, Nufalora, Rahistin, Sohotin, Tinnic, Urtilar and loratadine-medicine.

Drug function

What is Loratadine used for?

Loratadine is an antihistamine type of allergy medication that can treat symptoms such as itching, runny nose, runny eyes, and sneezing due to flower pollen allergies. and other allergies. This medicine also works to relieve itching due to allergies.

Loratadine is a drug whose goal is not to prevent itching or treat serious allergic reactions (such as anaphylactic shock). Therefore, if your doctor prescribes epinephrine to treat your allergic reaction, always carry an epinephrine injection anywhere. Do not use loratadine as a substitute epinephrine.

Loratadine for allergy symptoms

This medicine is usually used to treat inhalation. This is the most common type of allergy.

Usually this allergy is caused by exposure to pollutants, especially in developing countries which are also often associated with asthma, rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and acute respiratory infections. In addition to allergies from outside, these allergy medicines are also often used when allergies are always triggered because they are indoors. In the room there are also various air allergens such as mold, pet dander, and dust mites.

How does Loratadine work?

An allergy itching drug is an antihistamine that works to relieve allergy symptoms. When you eat or come in contact with allergens (allergens) that are actually harmless, histamine produced by the immune system will overreact. Histamine also commands the body to fight allergens. This is what causes allergic reactions or symptoms, namely the skin, nose and eyes feel itchy.

To relieve symptoms of allergies, itching drugs work to stop or limit the activity of histamine in the body. However, allergic itching drugs cannot be used to prevent allergic reactions or treat severe allergic reactions such as anaphylactics.

Loratadine is also a second-generation antihistamine drug that does not cause drowsiness and is enough to be taken once a day. Various studies have revealed that cetirizine and loratadine are equally effective in dealing with allergic symptoms, namely itching. However, for antihistamine effects, loratadine can be enough to relieve allergy symptoms.

How to use

How to use Loratadine?

Do not give this medicine to children under 6 years unless directed by a doctor. If you consume chewable tablets, do not give it to children under 2 years except with the direction of a doctor and a prescription.

If you use the product without a doctor's prescription, read all instructions on the product packaging before using it. If the doctor has prescribed this medicine, follow the doctor's instructions and instructions as prescribed.

If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Take this medicine with or without food, usually once a day or according to doctor's directions or on the product packaging.

If you choose a chewable tablet, chew each tablet well and swallow. The dosage is based on your age, condition and response to treatment. Do not increase the dose or take this medicine more often than prescribed. Do not take this medicine more than recommended based on your age.

Tell your doctor if your allergies do not improve after 3 days of taking medication or if the itching lasts more than 6 weeks.

How is Loratadine stored?

Loratadine is a good medicine that is stored at room temperature, away from direct light and a damp place. Do not store in the bathroom. Don't freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules.

Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.

Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal agency about how to safely dispose of your product.

Dose

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.

What is the dose of loratadine for adults?

Standard adult dose for allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is a type of rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal membrane) that appears when you breathe in allergens. This is an overreaction of the body in response to allergens. There are two types of allergic rhinitis: seasonal (a period of time in a year) and annual (all year). This condition can occur to anyone at any age.

For rhinitis, the dose of the drug loratadine taken is 10 mG. The rule can be taken once a day.

Standard adult dose for hives

Urticaria, better known as kaligata or biduran is a condition in which the skin has a prominent and itchy rash, appears in one part of the body or spreads to a larger area. The shape is similar to a collection of islands for a long time as if fused into a large island. This condition is not a dangerous disease, but certainly very uncomfortable.

For biduran, the dose of loratadine taken is 10 mg. The rule can be taken once a day

What is the dose of loratadine for children?

Standard dosage of children for allergic rhinitis

For allergic rhinitis, the drug dosage for loratadine for children aged 2-5 years is as much as 5 mg taken once a day (syrup).

For allergic rhinitis, the dose of loratadine for children aged 6 years and over is as much as 10 mg taken once a day (tablets, capsules, and disintegration tablets).

Standard dose of children for hives

For biduran, the dose of loratdine for children aged 2-5 years is as much as 5 mg taken once a day (syrup).

For biduran, the dose of loratdine for children aged 6 years and over is 10 mg taken once a day (tablets, capsules, or disintegration tablets).

In what dosages is loratadine available?

Loratadine is a drug available in 10 mg tablet.

Important to note, the dose of loratadine drug varies in each person. The dose may be adjusted according to the condition, age, history of the disease and the severity of the condition. Please consult with your doctor for further doses of loratadine.

Never consume, add or even combine loratadine without consulting a doctor.

Side effects

What are the side effects of Loratadine?

Ask for medical help immediately if you experience allergic reactions such as itching, difficulty breathing, swelling on the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Contact your doctor immediately if you experience serious side effects such as:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Feel like you're going to faint
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
  • Convulsions

Less serious side effects of loratadine are:

  • Headache
  • Nervous
  • Feeling tired or sleepy
  • Stomach ache, diarrhea
  • Dry mouth, sore throat
  • Red eyes, blurred vision
  • Bloody nose
  • Skin rash

The symptoms of this drug allergy may be so mild that you are not aware of it. You may only experience a rash on the skin. However, severe drug allergies can be life threatening. Anaphylactic shock is a sudden and severe whole-body reaction to a drug or other allergy. This usually occurs immediately after exposure to the substance and its symptoms include irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing, swelling, and fainting. If not treated immediately, anaphylactics can cause death.

Not everyone experiences side effects as described above. Side effects can occur according to the conditions and procedures for drug use. There may also be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Prevention & Warnings

What should be known before using Loratadine?

Before using Loratadine, you must do and know the following things.

  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to loratadine, other drugs, or ingredients contained in loratadine. Check the ingredients list.
  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist about prescription and non-prescription drugs, vitamins, nutritional supplements and herbal products that you will and already use.
  • Tell your doctor if you have had asthma, kidney or liver disease.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. If you become pregnant while using loratadine, call your doctor.
  • If you suffer from phenylketonuria, you should know the brands of disintegration tablets that may contain aspartame which forms phenylalanine.

Is Loratadine safe for pregnant and lactating women?

There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. These health conditions and allergy medicines need to be discussed with your doctor since you are planning a pregnancy. Later, the doctor will arrange the administration of these drugs so that they are safe for your pregnancy, either by resetting the dose or by replacing certain medications with other drugs.

Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category B according to the Food and Drugs Administration in the United States (equivalent to the POM in Indonesia).

The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:

  • A = No risk,
  • B = No risk in some studies,
  • C = Maybe risky,
  • D = There is positive evidence of risk,
  • X = Contraindications,
  • N = Unknown

Loratadine can be distributed through mother's milk to the baby, as a result it can be dangerous for the baby. Do not use this medicine without telling your doctor if you are breastfeeding.

Interaction

What medicines might interact with loratadine?

Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all possible drug interactions are listed in this document. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription / nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change the dose of any drug without the doctor's approval.

Loratadine is similar to desloratadine. Do not use drugs containing desloratadine while taking loratadine.

Does food or alcohol interact with loratadine?

Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.

What health conditions can interact with loratadine?

Other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. Tell your doctor if you have health problems, specifically:

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus ⎯ risk of heart disease or problems in blood vessels for patients with diabetes
  • Prostate enlargement
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Glaucoma
  • Heart or blood vessel disease
  • High blood pressure ⎯ can increase blood pressure and accelerate heart rate
  • Kidney disease can increase side effects due to high blood levels of loratadine
  • Liver disease
  • Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
  • Urinary retention ⎯ conditions get worse with the use of pseudoephedrine

Overdose

What should I do in an emergency or overdose?

In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.

Signs of an overdose include:

  • The heart beats fast
  • Limp
  • Headache
  • Strange body movements

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Source link

Share
Published by
Benefits Of

Recent Posts

Coffee and Caffeine — How Much Should You Drink?

Coffee contains hundreds of bioactive compounds. In fact, it’s the single largest source of antioxidants for many people (1, 2).Studies…

6 hours ago

Diagram Pelvis Pria & Diagram Saraf & Fungsi

Darah teroksigenasi mulai mengalir melalui dada aorta toraks, pembuluh darah utama dengan cabang yang melayani otot dada dan paru-paru. Ini…

6 hours ago

Optic Tract Function, Anatomy & Diagram

The optic tract is an extension of the optic nerve located in the brain. It begins at the area where…

8 hours ago

Bleached vs. Unbleached Flour: What’s the Difference?

Many types of flour are commonly available on the shelves of your local supermarket.However, most types can be split into…

12 hours ago

Fungsi Otot Palmaris Longus, Asal & Anatomi

Itu otot palmaris longus adalah salah satu dari lima otot yang bekerja di sendi pergelangan tangan. Otot palmaris longus adalah…

16 hours ago

What Is Ugli Fruit? Everything You Need to Know

What Is Ugli Fruit? Everything You Need to Know Source link

18 hours ago