Categories: Medicine A-Z

What medicines is Povidone Iodine? – A-Z Medicine

Generic Name:
Povidone Iodine

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What is povidone iodine used for?

Povidone iodine is an ointment which is a mixture of polyvinylpyrolidone and iodine polymers. Iodine produced from this mixture will kill bacteria quickly so that it can deal with bacterial infected areas properly. Meanwhile, the polymer can act as a medium that distributes iodine for a long period of time.

The function of povidone iodine is that it can treat minor injuries, burns, red bumps, infections, and kill bacteria in adults, adolescents, children to toddlers. This drug is included in over-the-counter medicines, so you can get this medicine at a pharmacy without having to include a prescription from a doctor.

How to use povidone iodine?

To get the maximum benefits of povidone iodine, use this medicine in accordance with the procedures for use. The following are the rules for using povidone iodine, including:

  • Use this medicine in accordance with the rules of use listed on the drug packaging. However, if you are prescribed by a doctor to use this medicine, follow the prescription notes given by the doctor.
  • This medicine is used for skin problems only. When using this drug, the problem area must be smeared thoroughly using this drug.
  • The brown color found in this ointment indicates the presence of iodine in the drug mixture. However, if the brown color has faded, then its effectiveness decreases.
  • Clean the affected area. Apply a small amount of povidone / iodine solution to the affected area. The affected area can be left open, or you can cover it with a sterile bandage.
  • After using this medicine, immediately cover the wound with a bandage.
  • This drug should be used every 4-6 hours to get the maximum benefit. This medicine must be immediately applied again to the affected area if the color of the ointment that has been used has faded.
  • Ask your doctor every question you have about how to use povidone iodine solution.
  • Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

How to store povidone iodine?

To use this medicine, you not only learn how to use it, but you also have to learn how to store it too. Here are some ways you can practice when you want to store povidone iodine, including:

  • This drug is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places.
  • Do not store in the bathroom.
  • Do not also be frozen in the freezer.
  • Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules.
  • Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist.
  • Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.

In the meantime, if you no longer use povidone iodine, or if the drug has expired, you should immediately dispose of it. But, don't forget to dispose of it in an appropriate and safe way, especially for environmental health.

The procedure for removing povidone iodine is not to mix this drug with other household waste. Do not dispose of this drug in drains such as toilets.

If you wish to dispose of this medicine safely, ask the pharmacist and officials from your local waste disposal agency in advance about how to dispose of the medication according to the rules.


The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.

What is the dose of povidone iodine for adults?

This drug should be used 1-2 times each day on the wound area that has been cleaned.

What is the dose of povidone iodine for children?

Safety and effectiveness have not been established in pediatric patients (less than 18 years). If you want to use this medicine for children, tell your doctor first and ask about the potential risks and benefits of using povidone iodine. Povidone iodine is a drug that is not intended for children.

At what dose is povidone iodine available?

This drug is available as an ordinary ointment and eye ointment.

Side effects

What side effects can be experienced because of povidone iodine?

As with the use of other drugs, using povidone iodine can also cause side effects. However, many people do not experience it at all, or feel fairly mild side effects.

Here are the side effects that might occur if you use Povidone iodine, including:

  • Hypersensitivity reactions are characterized by erythema, itchy skin and bumps.
  • Serious allergic reactions, including shortness of breath, dizziness, and serious blood pressure.
  • Hipertirodisime
  • Easy to sweat, can not be silent, until the heart beats very fast.
  • Angiodema or allergic reactions that are serious enough to make the face and throat swell.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Dry and inflamed skin, usually the skin becomes red and flaky
  • The skin burns due to chemical reactions in the body

This is not a complete list of all possible side effects. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Contact your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

Not everyone experiences the side effects mentioned above. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

What should be known before using povidone iodine?

Prevention & Warnings

What should be known before using povidone iodine?

Before you decide to use povidone iodine, there are a number of things you should know and learn about, including:

  • Tell your doctor if you have an allergy to povidone, iodine, or other povidone and iodine products.
  • Tell your doctor if you have an allergy to various medicines, foods, or other substances. Also tell how you recognize allergic reactions; including itchy skin, shortness of breath, wheezing or wheezing, coughing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, to the throat.
  • Let your doctor know if you have a pet bite.
  • Tell your doctor if you have skin problems such as burns or serious injuries.
  • Tell your doctor all kinds of medicines you use, including prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, herbal medicines, dietary supplements, to multivitamins.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, and breastfeeding.
  • Tell your doctor about any health conditions that you are experiencing or have experienced.
  • Do not use this drug if you have hyperthyroidism
  • Do not use this medicine if you have a thyroid gland problem that is severe enough.
  • Do not use this medicine if you have skin problems that look like herpes.
  • Do not use this medicine if you use drugs that contain lithium.
  • Do not use this medicine to treat skin problems in newborns until they are 6 months old.

Is povidone iodine safe for pregnant and lactating women?

There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category D according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) or equivalent to the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) in Indonesia. The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:

  • A = No risk,
  • B = No risk in some studies,
  • C = Maybe risky,
  • D = There is positive evidence of risk,
  • X = Contraindications,
  • N = Unknown

Meanwhile, studies in women show that this drug only poses a relatively mild risk for babies when used during breastfeeding. Even so, you still have to question your doctor about the potential risks and benefits of using this drug if you want to use this drug while breastfeeding. Only use this medicine when you really use it.


What other medicines might interact with povidone iodine?

If you use povidone iodine with other drugs at the same time, a possible interaction can occur. Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. However, not all possible drug interactions are listed in this article.

Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription / nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change the dose of any drug without the doctor's approval.

Although some drugs may not be taken together at all, in other cases some drugs can also be used together although interactions may occur. In cases like this, the doctor may change the dose, or do other prevention things that are needed.

Let your doctor know if you are taking other medicines both over the counter and from a prescription.

Can food or alcohol interact with povidone iodine?

Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.

What health conditions can interact with povidone iodine?

Other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. The interaction between povidone iodine and certain health conditions in your body can cause the risk of drug use to increase or your health condition to worsen.

Therefore, tell your doctor about any health conditions. Thus, your doctor can help you determine whether using this medicine is good for your condition.


What should I do in an emergency or overdose?

In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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